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A Detailed Model of STM
Central
Executive
SLAVE SYSTEMS
Visuo- Phonologica
Episodic
spatial l loop
buffer
sketchpad
Visual Inner Phonological
Articulatory
cache scribe store
loop…read more

Slide 3

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About the Systems...
Central Executive ­ it controls what we pay attention
to, and is seen as the `control system'
used when stopping ourselves doing automatic
actions
used when making semantic sense of what we see
or hear
used when producing `random' material i.e. a list of
random numbers
Episodic Buffer ­ newly-found slave system, stores
info about the order in which we receive
information
NOTE: you don't need to know much about the
episodic buffer at AS level…read more

Slide 4

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Visuo-spatial Sketchpad ­ made up of 2
components:
Visual Cache ­ stores iconic information
about colour, brightness, size and position of
objects
Inner Scribe ­ capable of drawing pictures in
our minds that we can add to, rotate etc.
is used when...
we are trying to remember visual
information
we are trying to do certain kinds of
geometrical or mathematical tasks
NOTE: has limited capacity…read more

Slide 5

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Phonological Loop ­ made up of 2
components:
Phonological Store ­ a store for the speech
you have just heard
Articulatory Loop ­ runs the `voice in your
head'
is used when...
rehearsing using the articulatory loop
NOTE: limitied capacity ­ we can only recall
about 1-2 seconds of `soundtrack'…read more

Slide 6

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ATTENTION!
you may not have studied the following
experiments ­ it's ok, you will have probably
been taught another study displaying
similar results
procedures are shown in black, findings are
shown in blue
you can skip straight to the strengths &
limitations
the bullet points given are purely as cues,
you won't be able to learn the studies from
this PowerPoint
you don't have to learn the dates given for
the studies on the following slides…read more

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