Word Document of Casestudies in population

Case studies in population, Italy, China, Iran, Sub-Saharan Africa

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Melissa
  • Created on: 11-01-10 18:39
Preview of Word Document of Casestudies in population

First 351 words of the document:

CASE STUDIES IN POPULATION
Italy
In Europe, Italy has one of the lowest average number of children per woman.
Italy's population is 58 million, it will decline to 56 million by 2025 including net immigration.
Without net immigration it will decline to 54 million.
The decline of 4 million will be:
2 million decline in the 0-19 age group
5 million decline in the 20-64 age group
3 million increase in the 65+ age group
Fertility rate of 1.33 is one of the lowest in Europe.
Life expectancy of 81 is one of the highest in the world.
Italy's median age in 2025 is expected to be 51 years, the highest in Western Europe
(population pyramid).
This is odd as the British stereotype of Italians is living in large extended family units and being
practicing Catholics who don't use artificial birth control or abortion. Why the low fertility rate?
More Italians are staying in full time education than ever before, making them more
dependent on their parents than before.
The price of housing has increase (especially in the Northern cities) making it harder for
young adults to set up their own home.
There are fewer well-paid but low-skilled jobs than before.
State social expenditure is much lower than other EU countries, lead to an effect on the age
Italians leave home, marry / enter into a long term relationship, start a family.
The highest percentage of unmarried people living with parents (92.3% 20-24 year olds in
2003)
Italian commentators suggested that something should be done about this crisis, and that sustainable
development needs to be achieved. A balanced population structure of workers and dependants
should be achieved by:
Empowering young people and reversing the `postponement syndrome' through grants for
education and allowances for families.
A structured programme to manage immigration by carefully selecting new migrants to
match labour force vacancies.
Allowing access to citizenship rights for migrants, to encourage them to settle and raise
families.
CASE STUDIES IN POPULATION

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

China's one-child policy
In 1975 the population in China was over 0.9 billion, and despite the state's previous philosophy
being that every birth was a valuable addition to national resources and power, the government
realised that such rapid growth would lead to famine and starvation on a massive scale. Therefore in
1981 it introduced a policy of one child per family.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Iran's baby boom
Iran's population was 70,049,262 according to the 2006 census and nearly one-quarter of its
people aged 15 or younger.
The Islamic Republic of Iran is undergoing a demographic and socio-economic transition.
There is a large group of `baby boomers' born between 1979 & 1989, this is the result of
the dramatic demographic shifts over the last 30 years.
Throughout the 1980s population growth accelerated rapidly, then decreased even more
quickly to about replacement level.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Changing population structures of sub-Saharan Africa
The countries of sub-Saharan Africa are undergoing a population crisis. From the 1960's, when they
gained independence, right up to the late 1980's they have been characterised by high birth rates
and rapidly falling death rates. They have been typical of countries in stage 2 of the DTM, with rapid
population growth. Towards the end of that period there were signs that birth rates were starting to
fall in some of the countries.…read more

Comments

Mr A Gibson

4 case studies from different sides of the fence. China/Italy for example. This is a decent document that you could use to gen up on your population case studies. These have enough detail to get you to the higher levels in the longer questions.

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all resources »