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Unit 3 - Expressing Meaning
Altar - Table for the bread and wine
Font - The container for water for baptism
Cross - Symbol of hope
Pulpit - Raised platform for speaking from
Lectern - The stand that holds the bible
Candles - The light of the world
Liturgical Style. Altar based, structured worship (Catholic, Orthodox, C of E)
Non Liturgical Style. Less structured, no altar, no bread or wine (Quaker, Baptist, Methodist)
External features of a Catholic Church include a steeple and a bell inside it, which are used to signal to people where the
church is and to sound when the mass begins. There is also stained glass windows displaying certain scenes from the
bible and Jesus' life to people who can see the church. There may also be detailed stone masonry and gold plating to
signal the wealth of the church and to make it more appealing to the congregation and to make it seem like a communal
place where everyone can meet.
Worship literally means 'worth-ship'. It is how much something is worth and how precious it is that makes people praise
it and worship it.
Catholic worship can often be portrayed as old and boring by secular thinkers but the church is incorporating new hymns
and music to make it more appealing to younger Catholics. The church also uses traditional ways of worship such as
Prayer, Silence, Reflection, Readings, Actions and Symbols during the mass and other celebrations. The catholic faiths
Liturgical style follows a widely accepted order of service(words and actions).
For Christians, prayer is a way of communicating with God and sometimes listening to God. Christians believe in the
power of prayer Christians also believe that they receive strength from and guidance form the Holy Spirit which will help
them with their daily lives.
Adoration - Admiring, praising and honouring God
Thanksgiving - Thanking God for everything he has given to us
Confession - Saying sorry to god for our sins or things we have done wrong
Intercession - Praying for other people or those in a horrible situation
Petition - Praying for our own needs/intentions
Aids To Prayer / Devotional Aids
Many Christians find it helpful to concentrate on something during prayer, helping them to avoid distractions around
them. They use objects as a way of structuring prayer and giving prayer a purpose.
The Rosary - A Set of prayer beads where each bead is held in turn and a prayer is said. There are 5 sets of 5 beads (a
decade) where the Hail Mary is said on each bead. These are separated by a single bigger bead, where the Lords Prayer
is said when held
Icons - Picture, paintings or statues of a religious figure such as Jesus, Mary or the Saints. They are important to
Catholics but are very important to Orthodox Christians who believe the spirit of the person portrayed is within the icon.
Crosses and Crucifixes - Crosses are features of the interior and exterior of the church. They symbolise Jesus and his
death on the cross and show the sense of community as whenever a cross is seen you recognise that as a Christian place
Stained Glass Windows - originally teaching aids to help Christians visualise the bible stories when many could not read
they are now abstract artworks that symbolise bible stories and quotes and can help create atmosphere within the
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The Bible - An essential part of Christian life and worship. It is the greatest source of information for Christians about
their faith and it is also what many prayers are based upon.
- All the people make the sign of the cross and the priest greets everyone. A hymn is often sung.…read more