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William Beveridge's `Five giants'
On the 1st of December 1942 William Beveridge's published report
recommended that the government should find ways of fighting the
five 'Giant Evils' of 'Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squalor and Idleness'.
The National Insurance Act (1911) was used to tackle want. This is
when workers and employers pay some money each week which The
Government keeps safe so that it can then be used to provide sick pay
for workers too ill for work. The money is also used to help set up
Medical Boards so that doctors can be seen for free. Disease was to be
tackled by The Health service. The National Health Service provides:
medical aids, vaccination programmes, medical research, consultants,
maternity care, GP's, health clinics, district nurses, surgery, medicines,
eye tests, dentistry, hospital and ambulance services and doctor and
nurse training. Ignorance was to be tackled by primary & secondary
education, squalor was to be tackled by Council/Social Housing and
idleness was to be tackled by full employment. The Labour Exchanges
Act, in 1909, was set up to help the unemployed find work.