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Why the relations between the USSR and the USA change in the
years 1943-1947? (12)
The relations between the USSR and the USA changed greatly in the years 1943-19§47
and certainly for the worst.
The main and general reason behind the change in relations between the two countries
lies in the fact that both sides were completely different to one another both in physical
state and in ideas and morals. But within that lie many different actions that were taken
by the two countries that sparked the growing hatred for one another.
The USSR was communist and the USA was a democracy, this was the very first major
difference between the two countries that caused so much tension between them. One
country did not understand the other and it was difficult for them to think good of one
On 6th of June 1944 came D-Day, after 3 long years of fighting Germany alone it should
have been a day that was celebrated in Russia, but Stalin was not happy. Stalin was in fact
furious, as he believed that his allies had been deliberately delaying the coming of D-Day.
Stalin, a paranoid man believed that his allies wanted the USSR to fall, as they did not
think well of communism, and so left them to fight Germany on their own, in hope that
they would destroy one another. Stalin believed that his allies were trying to `hit two
birds with one stone' by getting rid of Nazi Germany and communist USSR, two things
that they detested. Whether this is true or not no one will know, but what is a clear fact is
that Stalin had began to hate the USA and his other allies in 1944.
Tensions between the two superpowers rose higher at the Yalta conference in February
1945 as they agreed to split Germany into four sectors giving one to each of the four
victorious countries (France, Britain, USSR and USA). Berlin, the capital of Germany, was
to be split into four sectors as well. Being was located in the Russian sector and so Stalin
was very reluctant to agree to let other countries travel across his land to get to their
parts of Berlin and believed that he should be allowed to keep Berlin for himself. In being
forced to agree to these terms Stalin was annoyed at his allies.
In April 1945 came president's Roosevelt's death, which brought an end to any
superficial unity that still existed at the end of World War II in 1943. Truman was now
the American President, and relations between him and Stalin were deteriorating very
quickly, especially when Stalin was such a determined character and Truman was less
willing to compromise, compared to Roosevelt.
At the Potsdam conference in July 1945 there were disagreements about the amount of
reparations that Russia wanted to take. Russia had lost a lot of lives and equipment to the
war with Germany and they wanted to be paid back fully. It was agreed that Russia could
take whatever it wanted from the Soviet zone, and 10 per cent of the industrial
equipment of the western zones, but the US thought this was too much. And they
believed that Russia was being greedy which cause more dislike for them from the US.
America had developed the atomic bomb in June 1945. This played a major part in the
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change in Truman's attitude at the Potsdam Conference in the same year. The successful
development of the atomic bomb had lifted Truman on his high horse, and this links back
to his attitude that clashed with Stalin. Now Truman was even more arrogant, and as a
result, it made Stalin even more determined to get his way.…read more