First 231 words of the document:
Why have socialists favoured cooperation over competition?
Socialists believe that the natural relationship amongst human beings is one of cooperation
rather than competition. According to Marxist, competition alienates people from other
members of society as well as from their true natures. Competition fosters only a limited range
of social attributes and promotes selfishness and aggression. Socialists have therefore favoured
Cooperation because it makes moral and economic sense.
In moral terms, socialists argue that Individuals who work together develop bonds of sympathy,
caring and affection. KROPOTKIN suggested that the principle reason why human species have
survived and prospered was because of its capacity for `mutual aid'.
Socialists believe that human beings can be motivated by moral incentives and not merely by
material incentives. In theory, Capitalism rewards individuals for the work they do: The harder
they work, the greater the rewards. The moral incentive to work hard, however, is the desire to
contribute to the common good which develops out of a sympathy or sense of responsibility,
for fellow human beings, especially those in need.
Co-operation also has the advantage in term of economic because the energies of the
community can be harnessed. Whereas, competition pits one individual against one another
thereby wastes energy and resources in a battle between and amongst self-striving individuals.