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Why Germany was defeated in the War


It's ambitions had been far to extensive:
o To establish a `Greater Germany' which went way beyond Germany's 1914 frontiers.
o To destroy Bolshevik Russia.
o To create a new order based on the concept of Aryan racial supremacy.
The means to these…

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The Soviet resources - the Soviet economy had undergone a ruthless industrialisation
programme in the 1930s by Stalin and despite its limitations, Russia had vast resources of raw
materials, for example of oil and manpower.



The key problems facing Germany in 1945



As a result of the number of Nazi…

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Economic dislocation

Surprisingly, the economy had not completely broken down, but it was very badly dislocated.
Industry capacity had obviously declined dramatically, but the extent of its destruction was
exaggerated at the time.
Moreover, the infrastructure of bridges and railways and the utilities, like gas and water, had
broken down…

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What the Big Three Wanted

Stalin Churchill Roosevelt
Had already officially Churchill's mistrust of Stalin had Roosevelt, who was very ill and
established a Soviet-backed grown over the months and died two months later, was
provisional communist would grow further. driven by his idealism and keen
government in Lublin in…

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Germany was tentatively divided up into four occupational zones.
They agreed that Germany would be divided into four zones: American, French, British and
Soviet. Whereas decisions concerning the whole of Germany would be taken by the four
High Commanders in the Allied Control Council (ACC) (Name given to the military…

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What the Big Three Wanted

Stalin Churchill Truman
Stalin's interests at Potsdam Churchill was even less Roosevelt had died on 12 April
were above all the questions optimistic and increasingly leaving his inexperienced
of reparation and security. hostile to Stalin. successor, Truman, with an
unfinished war and an unclear
situation…

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By July, Stalin's troops effectively controlled the Baltic states, Finland, Poland, Czechoslovakia,
Hungary, Bulgaria and Romania, and refugees were fleeing out of these countries fearing a
Communist take-over.
Stalin had set up a Communist government in Poland, ignoring the wishes of the majority of
Poles.
Although Britain and the USA…

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Reparations ­ the USSR demanded reparations of $20 billion, a sum which in the eyes of the
Western Allies was so exorbitant that it would make it impossible for the German economy
to support its population. (Although interestingly the Americans had estimated that Soviet
damages amounted to $35.7 billion).
In…

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o Truman became very unhappy about Russian intentions and soon adopted a `get tough'
attitude towards Stalin.




Consequences of Yalta and Potsdam on the unity of Germany:


Eastern Germany will be much poorer than Western Germany as each Occupying Power would
take reparations from its own Occupying Zone.
Divisions made…

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