Why did the SA threaten Hitler's power, 1933-34?

Brief Bullet point notes on:

  • Hitler Solving Problems
  • Ernst Rohm
  • Military Conscription
  • President Hindenburg
  • Army Generals
  • Nationalists
  • 17th & 21st June Speeches
  • The Night of the Long Knives
  • Conclusion: How secure was Hitler by August 1934?
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Nazi Germany Notes
Why did the SA threaten Hitler's power, 1933 ­ 34?
Hitler solving problems
Hitler needed the support of the traditional elites if he was to solve the
unemployment problem and rearm Germany
He therefore had to ensure that the violence of the SA, the demand from Nazi
activists for the takeover of big business, the creation of a Nazi army and the
elimination of the old elites did not turn them against him
Hitler reassured the generals and the industrials by stressing the revolutionary
period of the Nazi takeover was at an end, and it was now more important to
concentrate on reviving the economy
Ernst Rohm
Ernst Rohm was a radical Nazi, and would carry out the Nazi programme as
outlined in the 25 points
He wanted to turn the SA into a new mass Nazi army
It was this that threatened the regular army's role in rearmament and led to its
growing rivalry with the SA
Military Conscription
Hitler had already made it clear that the traditional army would be the basis of the
new German army, not the SA
In January 1934, Hitler decided to reintroduce military conscription, once he was
sure that France would not intervene.
The problem of the SA became urgent by the spring of 1934 because of
Hindenburg's ill health
Hitler needed to succeed Hindenburg as President to prevent a new nonNazi
President being appointed
Army Generals
It was possible that the generals would attempt to block Hitler's ambitions to
succeed Hindenburg as president if they believed that the SA was threatening
their role in rebuilding Germany's armed forces
It was also possible that the army might attempt to restore the monarchy after
Hindenburg's death in an attempt to control the Nazi regime
Some Nationalists were already having second thoughts about Hitler
Chris Cartwright

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Nazi Germany Notes
Edgar Jung, a leading rightwing intellectual and Papen's speechwriter, said
"We are partly responsible that this fellow has come to power and we must get
rid of him again.…read more

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Nazi Germany Notes
Hitler became the supreme Commander of the armed forces, which swore a
personal oath of loyalty to him
He managed to avoid a civil war and eliminate the threat from the SA
By August 1934, Hitler was securely in power
Chris Cartwright…read more


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