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What was expected of a Tudor monarch?
What aspects from previous reigns would Elizabeth like to emulate or avoid and why?

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Henry VII Henry VII was efficient, hardworking and well Henry VII wasn't very popular.
respected. He kept out of foreign commitments.
He appointed able councillors and listened…

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The quieter achievements made by her terribly as England lost its last European
councillors in the fields of administration and stronghold, Calais.
local government were, however, to benefit her By the end of Mary's reign English people
successor. This shows the importance of were suffering from poor harvests,
having a…

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Problems facing Elizabeth in 1558

Who should she have in her Privy Council?
o Elizabeth's choice of councils would be an early indication of the religious
settlement and her style of government.

Which sort of religious settlement should she impose?
o She could follow the English Catholicism of her father,…

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o Mary Tudor had sent her forces to aid her husband, Phillip II of Spain, in his
war against the French.
o During the course of this war England's last garrison on foreign soil, Calais,
was captured and lost.
o Elizabeth needed to make peace with France, but the permanent…

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o Stability in Tudor government seemed to require a strong, male monarch and
an undisputed heir.

Threat from abroad:
o England was a weak country compared to France and Spain, both of whom
were Catholic.
o Philip II of Spain had been married to Mary Tudor and intended to propse…

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o In the countryside, tenants faced higher rents as landlords tried to keep rents
in line with prices, while in the towns' workers saw the value of their wages
o Poverty and unemployment were increasing, especially among the lower


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