What was expected of a Tudor Monarch

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What was expected of a Tudor monarch?
What aspects from previous reigns would Elizabeth like to emulate or avoid and why?
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Henry VII Henry VII was efficient, hardworking and well Henry VII wasn't very popular.
respected. He kept out of foreign commitments.
He appointed able councillors and listened to
their advice.
He used force when he had to.
He rewarded those who were loyal and
punished those who were not.
He increased England's prestige abroad.
Increased sources of Royal revenue and built
up a large reserve.
Henry VIII He dealt with internal threats as best he could. Fought many wars but achieved very little
He left a young son to succeed him. for example, when he went to war
against France, Scotland and Spain in
the first part of his reign. He also spent
the last seven years of his reign fighting
expensive wars against Scotland and
France and trying to stem the spread of
extreme Protestantism at home.
When he died, he left the monarchy very
short of money.
Edward VI The 1549 Act of Uniformity and the 1552 Prayer The removal of Catholic images and the
Book enforced a Protestant form of worship ­ introduction of an English bible led to a
enforced measures to encourage the spread of rebellion in the West Country in 1549.
Protestantism. Efforts to unite England and Scotland
through a marriage between Edward and
Mary Stuart resulted in war between the
two countries.
These wars led to an increase in poverty
as prices rose and there was a series of
bad harvests.
Again left the government very short of
money.
Mary I Mary's marriage treaty gave Phillip the title of The prospect of a Spanish marriage led
King of England but none of the powers and to Wyatt's rebellion in 1554.
privileges normally associated with the title, Tried to reestablish Catholicism by
apart from those he shared as joint sovereign publicly burning 300 Protestants who
with Mary. Mary stayed independent with no refused to conform.
check on her power which Elizabeth would Mary committed England to helping Spain
have liked to emulate. in its war with France which backfired

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The quieter achievements made by her terribly as England lost its last European
councillors in the fields of administration and stronghold, Calais.
local government were, however, to benefit her By the end of Mary's reign English people
successor. This shows the importance of were suffering from poor harvests,
having a strong privy council that were both well inflation and flu epidemics.
educated and loyal. Mary died leaving large debts and no
child to succeed her.…read more

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Problems facing Elizabeth in 1558
Who should she have in her Privy Council?
o Elizabeth's choice of councils would be an early indication of the religious
settlement and her style of government.
Which sort of religious settlement should she impose?
o She could follow the English Catholicism of her father, the Protestantism of
her brother, the Roman Catholicism of her sister or develop something of her
own.…read more

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Mary Tudor had sent her forces to aid her husband, Phillip II of Spain, in his
war against the French.
o During the course of this war England's last garrison on foreign soil, Calais,
was captured and lost.
o Elizabeth needed to make peace with France, but the permanent loss of
Calais would be seen as a humiliation as Calais was England's last
European stronghold.…read more

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Stability in Tudor government seemed to require a strong, male monarch and
an undisputed heir.
Threat from abroad:
o England was a weak country compared to France and Spain, both of whom
were Catholic.
o Philip II of Spain had been married to Mary Tudor and intended to propse to
Elizabeth I.
o If England became Protestant, however, he might organise a Catholic
crusade against it.
o The most pressing threat to security in 1558, however, came from Scotland
which was under France control.…read more

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In the countryside, tenants faced higher rents as landlords tried to keep rents
in line with prices, while in the towns' workers saw the value of their wages
decrease.
o Poverty and unemployment were increasing, especially among the lower
classes.…read more

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