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Robyn Moore
What image of Octavian is presented by Suetonius in paragraphs 9-18? What were his aims,
according to Suetonius? (20 marks)
The very first thing that we learn about Octavian in paragraph nine is that he was involved in five
civil wars against various enemies, including the two that were fought against Mark Anthony. This
immediately portrays Octavian as a keen fighter, and displays a strong sense of duty towards
Rome and his own faction.…read more

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Robyn Moore
highly opportunistic. However, we must be careful in making this judgement, as Suetonius
highlights the uncertainty of this claim, by practically dismissing it as being just a `rumour.'
Nevertheless, the possibility still remains.
The depiction of Octavian as an opportunist is further developed by the information that
Suetonius provides regarding his brief defection to the optimates, and subsequent desertion of
them too. We have previously seen him as being very loyal, yet this is mainly towards Caesar.…read more

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Robyn Moore
reasoning for this behaviour is his wish for power and his struggle to achieve it as a result of the
competition or outright opposition from various people (Mark Antony, Lucius Antonius, Hirtius,
Pansa etc.) However, the overriding aim is to remain loyal to Caesar in everything he does, and to
avenge his death at every opportunity.…read more

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Why is the parade the most important
aspect of the entire games?
Full of culture, both Ancient and Roman
`They say there was a labyrinth once in the hills of
Crete... such was the pattern woven by the paths
of the sons of the Trojans.'
`The tradition of these manoeuvres and battles was
first renewed by Ascanius.'
`The Albans taught their sons to do as Ascanius
himself and the Trojans had done with him when
they were boys.…read more

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Why is the parade the most important
aspect of the entire games?
The most popular of all the
`The people had all flooded in to the
circus.…read more

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Why is the parade the most
important aspect of the entire
Similarities between Trojans
and Romans
`They wore their hair close bound in trimmed
garlands in ceremonial style'
`Each carried a pair of cornel-wood spears
tipped with steel.'
`Circlets of twisted gold round neck and
chest.…read more

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Lusus Troiae
The Lusus Troiae, also known as Game of
Troy was an equestrian event held in
ancient Rome. It was among the ludi
celebrated at imperial funerals, temple
foundings, or in honor of a military victory.
The fullest description of the exercise is
given by Vergil, Aeneid 5.…read more

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Lusus Troiae
The game was revived by Julius Caesar in
45 or 46 BC, perhaps in connection with his
family claim to have descended from Iulus,
the son of Aeneas who in the game of the
Aeneid rides a horse that was a gift from the
Carthaginian queen Dido.
Augustus established the Lusus Troiae as a
regular event.…read more

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How are other games shown to be of
lesser importance?
· Aeneas has no interest in the archery
`Before the end of the archery contest, Father Aeneas was already calling.'
· The boat race is an unenjoyable for participants
`The rage burned in his bones and tears ran down his cheeks.'
· The boxing only involves two, whilst the parade
involves everyone
`They looked around for an opponent, but no one in all that company
dared go near.…read more


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