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THE PARIS PEACE TREATIES: Were the peace treaties of 1929-23 fair?

WHAT WERE THE MOTIVES OF THE BIG THREE AT THE TOV

Georges Clemenceau:

Aggressive: `the tiger'.
Had witnessed previous invasion of France by Germany (1870).
France suffered enormous damage to its land, industry, people and self confidence.
Germany seen…

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Often in the middle ground between Wilson and Clemenceau.
Wanted Germany to be punished but not too harshly (wanted to be able to do trade with
them).
Wanted Germany to lose its colonies and navy ­ threat to the British Empire.
Didn't want Germany to seek revenge in the future…

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Lost territories to Romania, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.
Industry suffered.
Was due to pay reparations but economy too weak.



Treaty of Sèvres ­ 1920 ­ Turkey:

Lost land to Greece and Mandates under French control.
Effectively lost control of the straits running into the Black Sea.
Formally accepted that countries of…

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Lost:
10% of its land.
12.5% of its population.
16% of its coalfields and almost half of its iron and steel industry.
All of its overseas colonies.
Army reduced to 100 000 men, no air force, tiny navy.
Had to accept blame for the war.
Horrified and outraged.
Didn't feel…

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