Wentworth and Ireland

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Wentworth and Ireland
Wentworth's role before the personal rule
Wentworth was viewed by Charles as one of his leading parliamentary critics. He was
arrested in 1627 for not paying the forced loan. In 1628 he was given the job of president of
the council of the north. In a way he "changed sides" because he accepted his office may
have been an issue for his strong parliamentary allies. He only rose through the ranks
because of the death of the kings favourite the Duke of Buckingham. Wentworth was
appointed lord deputy of Ireland in 1632 and arrived in 1633.
By the end of Elizabeth's reign she had gotten Ireland under control.
Problems in Ireland
Plantation= was the bringing protestant settlers into the country but English control in
Ireland was essentially limited to Dublin. The rest of the country was controlled by the Irish
Wentworth's rule in Ireland
Wentworth's aims
Impose authority of the English crown and church to the Irish
Allow English crown to profit from Ireland
The term most strongly associated with Wentworth's rule in Ireland is "thorough" ­ an
attempt to increase royal authority through the imposition of religious conformity and the
user of prerogative courts.
The book of Rates was introduced and was successful in raising funds from 1633 1640 it
doubled customs income to £80,000
Wentworth manipulated the 1634 Irish parliament. By announcing the parliament would
meet in two sessions, the first would deal with finance and the second would address
grievances, he plotted the groups against each other. The first parliament voted 6 subsidies
and the second parliament wanted to confirm "The Graces" (which was an agreement that
had been reached with these groups by Wentworth's predecessor three years previously in
which they would be granted; recusancy fines not to be levied, relaxation of checks on
Catholics in public office and the guarantee of land titles over 60 years old.) Wentworth
angered the Old English elite by not granting The Graces.
Plantation was continued and directed at countering the influence of the old Irish Catholics

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Wentworth also stirred up opposition among the New English by making personal attacks
on two leading figures among the new English. This alienated a group which should have
been the key supporters of the crown in Ireland. Boyle Earl of Cork was fined £15,000 by the
Star Chamber and Sir Annesly lord Mountnorris was charged with treason. These people
were specifically selected as powerful members of the New English elite to set an example
to others.…read more


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