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Treaty of Versailles
War Guilt ­ accept the blame
Reparations ­ 6.6 billion Euros of debt to allies
Territories ­ no overseas empire, mandates controlled
by League of Nations, forbade to ally with Austria
Armed Forces ­ 100,000 men, conscription disallowed,
No armoured vehicles, 6 battle ships, Rhineland =
League of Nations ­ set up, (international organization
to hold peace)
The Germans felt:
Diktat: dictated to them, no say in the matter.
Dolchtross: "stabbed in the back", no say…read more

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Friedrich Ebert
After WW1 ­ Kaiser abdicates, governs Weimar
He was a socialist, challenged by communist party
(and from Kaiser), challenged from right and left
Gained support by:
Promised freedom of worship
Promised better working conditions
Germans over 20 could vote
Created the Reichstag (new parliament), ruled by a
president and then the chancellor (everyday)
Central Government = expanding, Local…read more

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President controlled:
Armed forces
Appointed Judges
Governs chancellor
who governs the ministers who approve Reichstag laws
German people controlled:
Elect the president
Elect members of the Reichstag
Elect local governments (17)
Proportional representation = many small parties, no
Article 48 ­ president has the potential power of a
dictator…read more

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Economic Problems (1921 ­
1923 ­ hyper inflation: too much money in
circulation, previous amounts became worthless,
Life savings became worthless
Your wage went up because of Hyper Inflation
Pensions and benefit schemes became worthless
1923 ­ French Occupation of the Ruhr: The
French took goods and resources from the Ruhr…read more

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Uprisings (1919 - 1920)
Spartacist Uprising (1919)(extreme left wing) ­
communist party
Led a revolution, put down by the army ­ brutally
Freikorps opposes the revolution, much street
fighting between the two
Army called in to end revolutions, lasts for 13 days
Kapp Putsch (1920)(right wing ­ Nazi)
Wolfgang Kapp was a right wing journalist, direct
threat to Weimar
Led a rebellion, left wing workers went on strike,
Berlin shut down, end of rebellion.…read more

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