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The founding of the Weimar Republic
By November 191 it had become clear to the Kaiser that Germany faced Defeat.
On the 9th November 1918 the Kaiser abdicated and handed over power to the Reichstag, the
German Parliament.
Ebert the leader of the SPD and the leader of…

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5. The government ordered the workers to go on strike but the government now had no money, as the
Ruhr was producing nothing and the workers were paying no tax.
6. The Government therefore began to print money and this triggered hyperinflation
Consequences of hyperinflation
1. Anyone with…

Page 3

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8. Hitler expanded the SA and founded the SS.
Hitlers rise 19291933
1. Following the Wall Street Crash in 1929, Germany too fell into Depression as Germany had close
financial links to America.
The Failure of the Mainstream Parties
1. In March 1930 Müllers (Hermann Müllers) "Grand Coalition"…

Page 4

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Hitler turn Germany into a Dictatorship
The March election and the Reichstag fire
1. When Hitler became Chancellor he immediately asked Hindenburg for a new election. The election
was set for March and Hitler hoped to increase his majority.
2. Hindenburg agreed, perhaps expecting the Nazi vote to…

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2. The Gestapo had a network of informers across Germany who looked out for opponents of
Germany. These would be imprisoned and tortured until a D11 form was signed in which they
requested a move to a concentration camp, by passing the legal system
3. The Gestapo was…

Page 6

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b. Biology was changed to show superiority of the Aryan race and inferiority of Slavs and
Jews
c. Chemistry had emphasis on explosives
d. Maths had emphasis on ballistics
3. German Children were educated to be loyal to Hitler, to hate Jews and Slavs and to be
prepared…

Page 7

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d. He set up a labour movement which improved conditions in workplaces e.g. showers and
canteens
3. Overall these measures won over most workers
Autarky
1. Autarky means selfsufficiency
2. Hitler realised in WW1 one of the reasons for Germanys defeat had been the British naval
blockade. He…

Page 8

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The USA 19191941
The Boom
A Boom is a time of economic prosperity when a nation and many of its people become richer
One sign of the boom was buildings e.g. the skyscrapers in New York and Chicago and roads which
doubled in mileage in the 1920's.
Another…

Page 9

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They also claimed alcohol led to violence, illness and poverty. Many industrialists campaigned for its
ban as they felt their workers were too late and had a hangover
Support for banning alcohol was strongest in the rural religious regions
During the war less credible arguments for banning alcohol…

Page 10

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Immigration prewar
Before WW! The USA placed no restrictions on immigration and people were free to enter America
from any country in the world
However before and during WW! There was a huge increase in immigration from Southern and
Eastern Europe
These people did not speak English and…

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