Ways to group texts

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Ways to group texts
Remember GRAMPS (Genre, register, audience, mode, purpose and semantics) but also
here is a list which is by no means complete but offers ideas for groups to categorise
texts in to.
Genre- for example adverts, narratives, poetry, instructions, recipes etc.
Formal register
Informal register
Intended audience- for example children, females, males or simply a specific
audience such as gamers or birdwatchers etc.
Mixed mode
Purpose- for example to persuade, to instruct, to inform, to teach, to entertain
Use of second person pronouns
Use of first person pronouns
Use of adjectives
Spontaneous speech
Planned speech
Represented speech
Lexical fields
Imperative mood
Interrogative mood
Declarative mood
Exclamative mood
Minor sentences
Complex sentences
Dynamic verb
Stative verbs
Modal verb- epistemic or deontic
Phonological features such as alliteration, assonance, onomatopoeias etc.
Grice's maxims
Subject specific lexis/ jargon
Deixis (context dependent)
Distance between intended reader/listener and writer/speaker
Abstract nouns
Figurative language such as metaphors, similes, hyperboles, oxymoron's etc.
Whether a text is ephermal or not
Tense for example present tense, past tense or future tense
Interesting graphology


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