WATSON and RAYNER

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  • Created on: 18-05-12 11:44
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PHOBIA
WATSON and RAYNER ­ caused phobia of rat in Albert
AIM ­ to use classical conditioning to cause a fear in a little boy
PROCDEDURE
White rat was shown ­ loud noise was made with a steel bar behind him
Noise frightened Albert
Associated fear with the rat
Fear generalised to other white fluffy things as well
NS ­ white rat
UCS ­ steel bar (noise)
UCR ­ frightened
CS ­ white rat + steel bar (noise)
CR ­ fear of white objects
CONCLUSION
Albert associated white objects with the rat and with the loud noise, producing a phobia
EVALUATION
Strength Weakness
Confidential ­ Albert was not real name No informed consent
Support classical conditioning Not generalisable ­ case study
Psychological long term harm

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