WAR

WAR

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War and Pacifism
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Just War Theory
Just war theory asks 'When is it right to fight?' and 'How should war be fought?'
Ancient philoshopers such as Aristotle and Cicero wrote that a war of self defence was just
The Christian thinkers St Ambrose and St Augustine in the fourth and fifth centuries justified the use of
war to defent the church against those who threatened the faith
St Paul in Romans says that rulers are servants of god when they execute God's wrath on domestic
wrongdoers
Aquinas wrote the first three conditions of the theory in the thirteenth cenutry.
Francisco Suarez and Franciso de Vitoria wrote the next three conditions of the theory in the sixteenth
and seventeenth centuries
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When it's right to fight conditions for jus ad bellum
Just Authority: Only be declared by the legitmate authority of the country or state concerned
Just Cause: Those who are attacked should be attacked because they deserve it on account of some
fault
Just Intention: Have to have a good motivation. All motivators must be moral and good
Proportionalitly: There has to be a balance between the actions that lead to the start of the war and the
damage that is done by the war
Last Resort: All peaceful and political solutions must have been tried first
Reasonable Chance of Success: You should never enter a war with no hope of success, there must be
a fair chance that the war could be won
Comparative Justice: There must be a clear and justifiable reason for both sides in the war to have joined
the conflict
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How war should be fought conditions for jus in bello
Certain acts in war are always wrong
Proportionality demands that only necessary destructive force and weapons are used to achieve the
peace desire the indiscriminate destruction of entire cities is a crime against humanity
No indiscriminate targeting civilians should not be targeted
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Evaluating Just war theory
It maintains core moral principles in a framework permitting violence in controlled circumstances and
against certain targets
It recognises the need the act against a tyrannical agressor that is intent on angression
It prohibits wanton acts of violence in the national interest
Realists argue that the just war conditions are ambiguous, open to question or too simplistic and
impractical
Outcomes of war are difficult to calculate
There is uncertainty about which people are just targets
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Pacifism
Pacifists argue…read more

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Right:
Joshua 10:40 'Joshua spare no one, everyone was put to death' This was commanded by the Lord God
of Israel
God engages in conflict with those who opposes him
Wrong:
10 commandments
Love you enemy
World of peace and justice
Kingdom of god kingdom of peace
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The New Testament view on welfare
It is always wrong violence is always wrong
There is a battle between good and evil that will culminate in a final battle at the end of time…read more

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