virtue ethics - religious virtues

OCR a2 ethics

religious virtues of virtue ethics

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  • Created on: 01-06-12 19:24
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Religious Virtues
Virtue Latin Gloss Vice Virtue's Meaning
Temperance Temperantia Self-Control, Gluttony/Gula Restraint, temperance, justice. Constant mindfulness of others and one's surroundings;
justice, honour, practicing self-control, abstention, moderation, zero-sum and deferred gratification.
abstention Prudence to judge between actions with regard to appropriate actions at a given
time. Proper modification between self-interest, versus public-interest, and against
the rights and needs of others.
Patience Patientia Peace, mercy, Wrath/Ira Forbearance and endurance through moderation. Resolving conflicts and injustice
ahimsa, peacefully, as opposed to resorting to violence. Accepting the grace to forgive, to
sufferance show mercy to sinners. Not killing or being violent in any way to any life form or
sentient being; to practice moderation of meat consumption and consistent life ethic.
Creating a sense of peaceful stability and community, rather than engendering
suffering, hostility and antagonism.
Kindness Humanitas Satisfaction, Envy/Invidia Charity, compassion and friendship for its own sake. Empathy and trust without
loyalty, prejudice or resentment. Unselfish love and voluntary kindness without bias or spite.
compassion, Having positive outlooks and cheerful demeanor; to inspire kindness in others.
Humility Humilitas Bravery, Pride/Superbia Modest behaviour, selflessness, and the giving of respect. Humility is not thinking less
modesty, of yourself, it is thinking of yourself less. It is a spirit of self-examination; a
reverence, hermeneutic of suspicion towards yourself and charity towards people you disagree
altruism with. The courage of the heart necessary to undertake tasks which are difficult,
tedious or unglamorous and to graciously accept the sacrifices involved. Reverence for
those who have wisdom and those who selflessly teach in love. Giving credit where
credit is due; not unfairly glorifying one's own self. Being faithful to promises, no
matter how big or small they may be. Refraining from despair and the ability to
confront fear and uncertainty, or intimidation.
Diligence Industria Persistence, Sloth/Acedia A zealous and careful nature in one's actions and work; decisive work ethic,
effort, ethics, steadfastness in belief, fortitude, and the capability of not giving up. Budgeting one's
rectitude time; monitoring one's won activities to guard against laziness. Upholding one's
convictions at all times, especially when no one else is watching (integrity).

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Tristitia (The vice "acedia" is more commonly known as "sloth".)
Chastity Castitas Purity, Lust/Luxuria Abstaining from sexual conduct according to one's state in life; the practice of courtly
knowledge, love and romantic friendship. Cleanliness through cultivated good health and hygiene,
honesty, and maintained by refraining from intoxicants. To be honest with oneself, one's family,
wisdom one's friends, and to all of humanity. Embracing moral wholesomeness and achieving
purity of thought ­ through education and betterment.…read more


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