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KEY DATES
EISENHOWER (1953­1960)
Battle @ Dien Bien Phu = 1954
Geneva Agreements/Accords = 1954
JOHN F KENNEDY (1961-1963)
Battle Of Ap Bac = 1963
Assassination Of Diem & JFK = NOV 1963
JOHNSON (1963-1969)
Gulf Of Tonkins Incident & Solution = 1964
Tet Offensive = JAN 1968
NIXON (1970-1973)
Invasion Of Cambodia = 1970
The Spring Offensive = 1972
The Paris Peace Agreement = JAN 1973…read more

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CONTEXT
TWO DOMINOS HAD FALLEN; CHINA & NK
WW2, Japan controlled Vietnam, HCM of VM
supported by USA overthrew Japanese rule.
HCM declared Vietnamese independence.
Soon after, Vietnam colonized by French.
VM fought French for Communist independence.
US supported French colonial regime militarily to
contain communism.
Despite military support, French beaten at Dien Bien
Phu in 05/1954 under General Giap.…read more

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GENEVA AGREEMENTS 1954
DBP defeat furthered Geneva Agreements of '54.
17th temporary Parallel, splitting North
Communist & South Capitalist Vietnam.
ANOTHER DOMINO FALLS UNDER EISENHOWER; NV
Elections to be held two years later (never held).
Signed by all major countries (inc' China & USSR)
USA & South Vietnam did not sign, thus not
bound.
US violates Agreements by forming alliance with
South Vietnam (Bao Die Diem) via SEATO.…read more

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EISENHOWER
1953­1961…read more

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CAUSE FOR INVOLVEMENT?
Due to Eisenhower's allegiance to the Domino Theory,
Dominos of China & North Korea fallen, Vietnam
threatened to fall.
Eisenhower keen not to seem "soft of communism" like
Truman. As a Republican took military approach by
supporting the French.
ESCALATION OF INVOLVEMENT?
French defeat at Dien Bien Phu.
Geneva Agreements declaring North Vietnam Communist,
South needed to be saved hence SEATO alliance.
Eisenhower acting early to stem communism election win.…read more

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