Class notes on different types of verbs and the effects of varying tense use.

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Verbs 07/11/2012 09:22
The eagles flapped their wings.
Past definitive past action.
o Completed.
o Distant.
She laughs at herself.
At = preposition!
Herself = reflexive pronoun
You've gone mad.
o Incomplete.
o Still happening but started previously (gone = past).
Key term
Main verb `meaning' form
Auxiliary verb changes the mood of a tense
Modal verb change the meaning of the verb completely:
Infinitive `to' form
*will = modal (definite) & auxiliary (indefinite)
I'm going to visit London so I might pop over.
Auxiliary, present, infinitive, modal, present
o Definitive action and theoretical ability / possibility
o "pop over" ­ more informal
o going to visit = present but future mood
o main verb = infinitive
o I am going = all auxiliary
o Might = modal
o Pop (over) = main verb
o Verb with preposition = phrasal preposition
We could but I'm not sure we should bother.
Modal, aux, modal, present
Am = auxiliary; not = negative
You must be joking me.
Modal, auxiliary, present
I work at Tescos. (present) I worked at Tescos. (past)
I am working... (current) (general)
I'll work ... if (maybe) I was working ... (more specific)
I'm going to work ... (planned) I'd have worked ...
I have worked ... (general) I was going to work ...
I have been working ... (precise) I had worked ... (distant past
I had been working ...

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Verbs 07/11/2012 09:22
Main auxiliaries: (can also be main verbs)
To have
o How finished
o How long has it been?
To be
o Continuity
Modal verbs:
possibility/ability can
probability will
suggested advice can/could
should/ought to
compulsion/obligation must
have to
polite discourse could
Main modal verbs of each type in bold.…read more


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