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Varna- Caste born as another being. The next life depends on and support to its members, rather like a social
Ashrama- Stage the actions, good or bad, which were performed security system at root level.
Dharma- Duty in the previous life. These actions are referred to
as good or bad karma. In conclusion, it is important because it organises
Ashrama: society and ensures that everyone has a role to
There are four main stages in life for a High Following one's Dharma correctly not only brings play and a purpose to life. It also provides rules
Caste Hindu man. present happiness, but stores up a source of and laws for society based on a person's
Brahmacharya- Student Stage. This is where a good Karma, which can lead to a better rebirth in particular caste and stage on life. Some Hindu's
person is expected to work hard, show respect to the future. may argue that Varnaashramadharma comes
teachers and parents ad live a disciplined life. A from God and makes it a happy and healthy
student should avoid sex, alcohol, smoking and Samsara isn't seen as a blessing, but as a society.
drugs. constant struggle from which a person should
Grihastha- Householder Stage. This is where a choose to be released. Moksha is therefore a
person can take reasonability for home and very important goal for a Hindu.
family life at the age of 25. The rules are the It represents a spiritual perfection in which an
most lenient here, for the practical demands and individual is completely united with God.
commitments of everyday life.
Vanaprastha- Retired Stage. This is where the Through the stages of life, a Hindu will try to
husband and wife start to distribute their goods cultivate a detachment from worldly concerns.
to their family and retire from active life at the
age of 50, when the first grandchild arrives. They Importance:
should detach themselves from household and Important to society because it provides a
family concerns. structure to the society.
Sannyasin- Holy man Stage. This is where men A Hindu's identity is determined by the Varna
live very strictly, with few possessions and no they are born into and the stage that they are in.
luxuries in order to be devoted to religion at the By following Varnaashramadharma Hindu's have
age of 75. This is not compulsory. a structure to life with a spiritual goal in mind, and
gives them a meaning and purpose to life and
These four ashramas don't apply to Shudras or each Caste and Ashrama gives a sense of
women, and few go through all four stages. Few identity and belonging to an individual.
Hindus are prepared to give up all worldly
concerns, and it is then considered that the It also enables Hindu's to build up good Karma
second Ashrama dominates society. which will eventually lead to a favourable rebirth
in the next life. It also helps a Hindu's atman to
Dharma: gain Moksha.
There are four main duties in life for Hindus.
Caste Dharma- this is where Hindu's should do Hindu society is supported by Varna; the low
their duty according to their social status. Hindus varnas carry out the more menial tasks to enable
should follow their dharma and this will lead to their high caste member's to focus on spiritual
good Karma. matters. Without this structure Hinduism would
Kama- this means pleasure, including sexual disintegrate.
happiness and a general enjoyment of life. It provides Hindu's with a sense of security as all
Artha- this means wealth, or general prosperity Hindu's know from birth what their position in
and the satisfaction of ordinary physical need by society is.
legal means. Varna provides stability to society because it
Moksha- means release. Hindu's believe that all gives everyone an essential role and function to
creatures are involved in a process called jeep the village life running smoothly. Most
Samasara, where at the end of life everyone is villages have a Caste Council, which offers help


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