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A Concise Historical Overview
David G.E.
Hume Moore
(1711-76 CE) (1873-1958)
Jeremy R.M.
Bentham Hare
(1748-1832 CE) (1919-2002 CE)
John Stuart Peter
Mill Singer
(1806-73 CE ) (1946 - )…read more

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Historical Background
The Enlightenment French Revolution Victorian Britain
Voltaire Rousseau Utilitarians
Rejection of "Liberty, Fraternity, Social
metaphysics Equality" Reformers…read more

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What is utilitarianism?
Derives from the latin word `utilis' meaning useful.
A normative, consequential morality.
Good is whatever produces beneficial consequences.
Utilitarianism has no Utilitarianism is
intrinsic goods instrumental
(Good irrespective (The results justify
of the consequences) the means)
Principle of utility…read more

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The Principle of Utility
The Principle of Utility
The good is that which will bring
about the greatest sum of pleasure,
or the least sum of pain, for the greatest number…read more

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Jeremy Bentham
Principle of Utility
"Nature has placed mankind under the governance
of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is
for them alone to point out what we ought to do,
as well as to determine what we shall do."
An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
Foundation for the Principle of Utility
is Bentham's Psychological hedonism:
Pleasure and pain determine how people act.…read more

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