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Utilitarianism
Jeremy Bentham
Bentham worked on legal reform and wrote The Principles of Morals and Legislation, in
which he put forward his ethical theory. We can divide his theory into three parts:
His view on what drove human beings, and what goodness and badness was all
about. The principle of…

Page 2

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In the hedonic calculus Bentham considers how strong the pain or pleasure is, whether it is
short-lived or life- long and how likely it is that there will be pain or pleasure. He considers how
immediate the pain or pleasure is and how likely it is to lead to more…

Page 3

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, Mill distinguished between higher and lower pleasures, and the higher pleasure were
qualitatively better and more important than the lower pleasures.

Page 4

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He argued that, `Human beings has faculties more elevated than the animal appetites and,
once made conscious of them, do not regard anything as happiness which does not include their gratification' `It
is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be Socrates
dissatisfied than…

Page 5

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slavery, that appear to be morally unacceptable.
There's no guarantee that minority interests will be protected. As long as the slaves
are the smaller proportion of the people, the greatest food might be to keep them enslaved, because of
the benefits that this would give to the majority.
Evaluating utilitarianism…

Page 6

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Jeremy Bentham theory has a number of clear benefits. It seems reasonable to link morality with
the pursuit of happiness and the avoidance of pain
and misery, and this connection would receive popular support. It also seems natural to consider
to consequences of our actions when deciding what to do.…

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Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Utilitarianism
Jeremy Bentham
Bentham worked on legal reform and wrote The Principles of Morals and Legislation, in
which he put forward his ethical theory. We can divide his theory into three parts:
His view on what drove human beings, and what goodness and badness was all
about. The principle of…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
In the hedonic calculus Bentham considers how strong the pain or pleasure is, whether it is
short-lived or life- long and how likely it is that there will be pain or pleasure. He considers how
immediate the pain or pleasure is and how likely it is to lead to more…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
, Mill distinguished between higher and lower pleasures, and the higher pleasure were
qualitatively better and more important than the lower pleasures.

Page 4

Preview of page 4
He argued that, `Human beings has faculties more elevated than the animal appetites and,
once made conscious of them, do not regard anything as happiness which does not include their gratification' `It
is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be Socrates
dissatisfied than…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
slavery, that appear to be morally unacceptable.
There's no guarantee that minority interests will be protected. As long as the slaves
are the smaller proportion of the people, the greatest food might be to keep them enslaved, because of
the benefits that this would give to the majority.
Evaluating utilitarianism…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
Jeremy Bentham theory has a number of clear benefits. It seems reasonable to link morality with
the pursuit of happiness and the avoidance of pain
and misery, and this connection would receive popular support. It also seems natural to consider
to consequences of our actions when deciding what to do.…

Comments

No comments have yet been made