Slides in this set

Slide 1

Preview of page 1

John Stuart Mill…read more

Slide 2

Preview of page 2

The Hedonistic Masters of Humans
What act would bring the
greatest good for the
greatest number?
Pleasure Pain…read more

Slide 3

Preview of page 3

Mill's Background
John Stewart Mill's father, James, was a
follower of Bentham, so his son grew up well
steeped in Utilitarianism philosophy.
Mill regarded Bentham as `the father of
English innovation, both in doctrines and in
Jeremy Bentham was Stuart Mill's godfather.
He authored works on logic, liberty, and
utilitarianism…read more

Slide 4

Preview of page 4

The greatest happiness principle
Mill said "the greatest happiness principle
holds that actions are right in proportion as
they tend to produce the reverse of
happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure,
and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain
and the privation of pleasure."
He agreed with Bentham on this point, but
this is where he modifies the theory.…read more

Slide 5

Preview of page 5

Mill modifies this idea by saying;
"Some pleasures are more desirable
than others and more valuable than
others, quality should be considered as
well as quantity."
According to Mill, quality of pleasure
employs the use of the higher faculties.
Here he is answering the claim that
Bentham utilitarianisms are just
`pleasure-seekers'…read more

Slide 6

Preview of page 6

Higher Pleasures
People are capable of more than animals, so it
takes more to make a human happy, therefore a
person will always choose higher quality, human
pleasures and reject all the merely animal
pleasures. As Mill put it:
"Few human creatures would consent to be
changed into any of the lower animals for a
promise of the fullest allowance of the beast's
pleasures . . . It is better to be a human being
dissatisfied than a pig satisfied, better to be a
Socrates unsatisfied than a fool satisfies. And
if the fool or pig are of a different opinion, it is
because they only know their side of the
question.…read more

Slide 7

Preview of page 7
Preview of page 7


No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »