USA in Asia - Important People and Groups

A list of people/groups who had a part in US involvement in South-East Asia between 1950-1975.

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People/groups to remember:
George Kennan Long telegram, US embassy in Moscow.
Franklin Roosevelt President (1933-1945), believed in co-operation with Soviets
after WW2.
Harry Truman President (1945-1953), was more hostile to SU than Roosevelt had
Dean Acheson Secretary of State. Defensive Perimeter Strategy. Part of LBJ's
"wise men".
General Douglas MacArthur In control of forces in Japan after WW2. Led UN
forces in Korea until 1951.
George Marshall Secretary of State. Launches Marshall Aid in 1947.
Joe McCarthy accuses people in Truman's government of being communist.
General Matthew Bunker Ridgeway Led UN forces in Korea after MacArthur.
General Walker commander of US Eight Army in Korea. Dies December 1950.
General Ridgway Replaces General Walker in 1950. Introduced attrition.
Dwight Eisenhower President (1953-1961).
John Foster Dulles Secretary of State for Eisenhower. Refused to shake Zhou's
hand at Geneva Agreement.
Colonel Edward Lansdale US adviser to Diem. Sects Crisis.
MAAG Military Assistance Advisory Group. Gave military advice to South Vietnam
under Eisenhower.
John F Kennedy-President (1961-1963).
Robert McNamara Secretary of Defence under Kennedy.
Dean Rusk Secretary of State under Kennedy.
JCS Joints Chief of Staffs.
NSC National Security Council.
Lyndon B Johnson President (1963-1969).
General Westmoreland General during Vietnam.
Clark Clifford Secretary of Defence under Johnson.
Walter Cronkite CBS newsmen against the Vietnam War.
Martin Luther King Civil rights activist against the Vietnam War.
VVAW Vietnam Veterans Against the War.
Richard Nixon President (1969-1974).
Henry Kissinger Nixon's National Security Adviser and from 1973 Secretary of
Kim Il Sung Premier of communist North Korea.
Syngman Rhee In control of South Korea.
NKPA North Korean People's Army.
ROK Republic of Korea.
Ho Chi Minh Communist, nationalist leader in Vietnam. Started Vietminh.
Bao Dai French "puppet" leader.
Vietminh Set up by Ho in 1940.
Vo Nguyen Giap Military commander of the Vietminh.
Ngo Dinh Diem President of South Vietname. Was Catholic and gave top jobs to
his family.
ARVN Army of the Republic of Vietnam aka South Vietnamese Army.
Hanoi Capital of North Vietnam.
Saigon Capital of South Vietnam.
Ngo Dinh Nhu Brother of Diem and his adviser.
Madame Nhu Nhu's wife.
NVA North Vietnamese Army, also called the PAVN (People's Army of Vietnam).

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NLF National Liberation Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam. Established in
S.Vietnam in 1960.
PLAF/VC People's Liberation Armed Forces/Vietcong. The military wing of the NLF.
Nguyen Van Thieu Leader of S.V (1967-1975).
Joseph Stalin Communist dictator until his death in 1953.
Chaing Kai-Chek Nationalist leader in China.
Mao Zedong Leader of CCP (communist party). Defeats Nationalists in 1949 and
China becomes communist.
CPV Communist Party Volunteers Army Corps. Formed on 14 October 1950,
300,000 men.…read more



This would be useful as a glossary to aid revision of The USA in Asia. It is particularly useful for Edexcel Unit 1: Option D6.

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