Urban Environment topic Q's with Answers

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Changing Urban Environments
Q&A
1. Define the word Urbanisation.
The process where there is an increasing proportion of the population living in towns and
cities and there are fewer people living in the countryside.
2. What is the North-South Divide?
The North-South divide is a line that divides the poor countries in the South and the rich
countries in the North with the exception of Australia and New Zealand.
3. What are the four zones of a city?
CBD, Inner City, Suburbs, Rural-Urban Fringe
4. What does CBD stand for?
Central Business District
5. Give three mainland uses in a town.
Residential (housing), Retail (shops), Parks & Opens spaces
6. Define the word Gentrification.
Middle class people buying old Victorian terraced housing etc. in the Inner City &
modernising/ upgrading them.
7. What is an emigrant?
People who leave a country to settle in another.(To Exit)
8. What is an immigrant?
People who arrive and live in another country.(To come Into)
9. What is a Sustainable City?
An area where the residents have a way of life that will last a long time. The environment is not
damaged and the economic and social fabric, due to local involvement, is able to stand the test
of time.
10. State 2 problems with the CBD and 2 solutions.
Problems: Overcrowding on pavements, Pollutions - Air, noise
Solution: Indoor Shopping centres, Pedestrian areas
11. Give three problems to an increase in traffic in urban areas.
Residents find it difficult to get in and out of the area, accidents, congestion
12. Give three solutions.
Provide alternatives to cars - Bikes, cheaper public transport, park & ride schemes
Make it easier for cars - flexible working hours, one way systems
Restrict cars/ make it more difficult - increase parking costs, double red and yellow lines, bus
and cycles lanes

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Changing Urban Environments
13. Name a Case Study about Issues Facing the Inner City.
Attempts to manage traffic in Glasgow.
14. Write three facts to do with your Case Study.
Parking has increased 5 times as much in city
5000 parking spaces at train stations
In all parts of town there are bus stops every 300m
15. State Two effects of Urbanisation in the rich world.
Multicultural mix, problems with lack of business
16. Define Squatter Settlement.…read more

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Changing Urban Environments
24. Name the Three types of pollution made from Rapid Urbanisation and Industrialisation
in the poor world.
Waste Disposal
Air Pollution
Water Pollution
25. Name a Case Study for them.
India - Bhopal, River Ganges etc.
26. What is the meaning of a Sustainable City?
A city that does things in a way that allows people living now to have what they need without
reducing the ability for future generations to do the same.
27.…read more

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