Urban Development Corporation Case Study - London Docklands

A detailed description of UDC's and the redevelopment of the Isle of Dogs (London Docklands) between 1981 and 1998 in terms of social, environmental and economic impacts of the scheme. Also, the successes and criticisms of the UDC. 

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Regeneration of the London Docklands (UDC's) 1981
Urban development corporations. -199
In the 1980's an effort to reverse the process of inner city decline in the UK
government set up urban development corporations (UDC'S). The aim was to
regenerate areas that contained large amounts of derelict land by taking over
planning responsibility from local councils. They had the power to acquire land, clear
it and then provide infrastructure. They also attracted investment from the private
sector by offering companies reduced taxes and other benefits and in doing so they
promoted industrial, residential and community developments.
London Docklands Development Corporation
In the 19th century London's port was one off the busiest in the world but by the end
of the 1950's it was in significant decline with many docks derelict and abandoned. In
response to the resulting economic and environmental problems the London
Docklands development corporation was set up in 1981.
Why did the docks go into decline?
An increase in ship size meant they found it difficult to come down the river as
far as the isle of dogs where the river wasn't as deep (dock position moved
further downstream to Tilbury)
Containerisation meant fewer Dockers were needed with large cranes to lift
containers from ships
The decline of portside industries and manufacturing
What were the problems in 1981 in the Isle of Dogs?
Declining population
Declining employment
Access to the rest of London was poor with narrow roads with heavy congestion
and a lack of public transport
95% of housing was rented and including high density terraced houses and
large estates dominated by high rise blocks
Shopping facilities were limited
Lack of open space and recreation facilities
Who was involved in helping with the regeneration process?
The LDDC was responsible for the planning and redevelopment of the Docklands areas
hwoever other organisations were involved in the redevelopment process including:

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Regeneration of the London Docklands (UDC's) 1981
Urban development corporations. -199
National government ­ created an Isle of Dogs enterprise zone offering grants,
reduced taxes etc to encourage private investment
Property developers ­ responsible for building large office blocks e.g.…read more

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Regeneration of the London Docklands (UDC's) 1981
Urban development corporations. -199
Conversion and gentrification of old warehouses into new homes
New shopping centre built ­ 4,600 sq meters Asda and refurbishment of
shopping parades including transformation of old docklands buildings into
shopping outlets
Large new shopping centre at Canary Wharf with over 30 shops, restaurants,
pubs and cafes
Docklands sailing and watersports centre
£100million spent on health, education, job training etc.…read more


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