Unit 8 RE: Religion and Society FULL

Contains info on:

-Rights and Responsibilites

-Environmental and Medical Issues

-Peace and Conflict

-Crime and Punishment

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  • Created on: 15-05-13 17:41
Preview of Unit 8 RE: Religion and Society FULL

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Rights and Responsibility
Moral decisions
How Christians make moral decisions? Moral decisions are when you have to decide
what is the right or wrong thing to do.
Bible the holy book of Christians with 66 books split into the Old and New
Churchthe community of Christians (small c means a place of worship)
Conscience an inner feeling or rightness and wrongness of an action
Situation Ethics the idea that Christians should base moral decisions on what
is the most loving thing to do
The Bible as a basis for making moral decisions, many Christians only use the Bible
They believe the bible has absolute authority for Christian decisionmaking as it
is the word of God.
It contains God's teachings telling Christians how to behave.
It contains the teachings of Jesus Christians believe Jesus is the son of God so
therefore they should follow his teachings.
It records events in the life of Jesus.
Bible is authenticated by God, so only by following the Bible they can be sure
that their moral decision will be approved by God.
Some Christians do not agree about the Bible's importance in making moral decisions
They believe the Bible was written by humans inspired by God. It reflects the
social situation at the time of the writers and it needs to be revised in the light of
modern knowledge.
Some Christians use the Church to tell them what the Bible means for today, so
they would put Church over the Bible.
Other Christians use their own conscience
Many Christians believe that only the Church should be used for making
decisionmaking and explaining the Bible because:
They believe the Church is the body of the Christ the Church is how Jesus
works in the world today so it must have the same authority as the Christ.
They believe that God speaks to the world through the Church.
The Church is the community of Christian believers so it must be guided by
If individuals were to make their own moral decisions on everything, there would
be lots of different opinions on how to behave.
They expect the Church to give them guidance

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All humans have a conscience which distinguishes between right and wrong. So some
Christians only follow their conscience because:
They believe God speaks to them the voice of conscience is the same as voice
of God
The Church says Christians should follow their conscience
St Paul taught that it was the final part of moral decisionmaking
Some Christians think they should not follow their conscience because:
People have been mistaken about the voice of God e.g.…read more

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Some rights cause problems for Christians:
When homosexuals and women want to have equal rights in religion.
Some are against the right to marry a person from different faith.
Some are against the right of gay people to raise a family, they believe children
should be brought up by a mother and a father.
Electoral& Democratic Processes
It is important to take part in democratic and electoral processes because:
The government sets the rate of taxes, so voting gives you some control over
this.…read more

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Christians for GE:
Jesus was a healer and Christians should do all they can to cure diseases.
Improving human life is what God wants us to do as stewards of his creation.
They accept most of nonreligious arguments for GE
Christians against GE:
`Playing God' sin
It is wrong to try to make the earth perfect, as only heaven is perfect.
God has created everyone people have no right to interfere with God's will.…read more

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Eutrophication: Running off fertilisers into rivers causing algae bloom, killing fishes
and making the water poisonous.
Some natural resources like oil, gas, coal and hard wood are nonrenewable as they are
running out they can only be used once and are finite.
Renewable resources can be used over and over again e.g. solar and wind power.…read more

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Medical Issues
Infertility has become much more of a problem in the western world. It is part of
human nature to want to have children and raise a family, after all this is the way the
species survives
Psychological problems are caused if couples are desperate to have children but
can't. Infertility treatments are so effective that metal illnesses can be prevented.
There are 2 Christian views on fertility treatments:
1.…read more

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It encourages the sale of organs from LDCs to the West.
Some Christians agree with transplant surgery, but would disagree with organs being
bought from poor people, because:
Those who believe in resurrection believe that God wouldn't need organs to raise
the body.
Jesus said `Love thy neighbour' Leaving organs for others is a way of loving
your neighbour.
Jesus said treat others the way you would like to be treated and most Christians
would want a transplant if they needed it.…read more

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They would agree with all the nonreligious arguments for transplants.
Peace and Conflict
The UN
The UN was formed after WW2. The aim of them was to preserve world peace and to
remove the causes of conflict encouraging economic, social and educational progress
throughout the world, especially in the LDCs.
Why the UN is important for world peace?
The UN can recommend actions to stop any threats to world peace by:
Imposing sanction on countries threatening world peace.…read more

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Political differences Different political views between countries
Theory of just war
In certain circumstances war is unavoidable and so can be justified. The theory used to
decide whether a war is justified is known as the just war theory.
A war is just if:
Fought by the authority of the UN.
Intention is to restore peace.
It is the last resort all other nonviolent methods have failed.
There is a reasonable chance of success.…read more

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Muslim views against war:
A growing number of Muslims believe that war is never the right response. They believe
this, because:
Peace and reconciliation is at the heart of Islam
Modern weapons cannot possibly be used in a way that is compatible with the
Muslim rules about fighting in a war
Nonviolent methods are the only way to achieve peace in the end.
It can happen at work or school
Bullying can lead to stress, nervous breakdowns and even death.…read more


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