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Citizenship Unit 3: Power and Justice
What is crime?
The nature of crime and the role of the police
Crime is something that breaches the rules of law that are given by a governing authority.
There are two types of law; Civil and Criminal. Civil law is concerned with the…

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have the power to Arrest someone, some of which include arrest for Breach of the peace,
arrest with a warrant/without a warrant, arrest for failing to surrender under bail, and
arrest for aggravated trespass. However in order to arrest someone they need to have
reasonable grounds as to why someone…

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conviction. It must also have strong evidence in favour of the cause. The second test is the
Public Interest test where each case needs to be judged on its own merits although there
is a code which gives example factors of a prosecution.

Safeguards have been put into place to…

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The Court Duty solicitor scheme allows a person that has already been charged with an
offence to consult with and be represented by a solicitor at the Magistrates' Court on their
first appearance if they do not have, or simply have not contacted, their own solicitor. The
right to see…

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Jury is used today in the following courts: Crown court, High court, Queen's Bench
division, County court, Coroners' court. The most common and important use of the jury is
in Crown Court where they decide on criminal matters that involve the necessary finding
of either guilty or not guilty. Jury…

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to investigate possible miscarriages of justice in the UK. The commission assesses whether
convictions or sentences should be referred to a court of appeal.
The Criminal Justice Act 2003 is a wide ranging measure introduced to modernise many
areas of the criminal justice system in the UK (mainly England…

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Electing representatives, elections and accountability
Representative Democracy in the UK is where citizens elect representatives to sit in
Parliament and represent them. In doing this citizens hand over the decision making to
someone else. Representatives are usually members of a political party, although anyone
can technically stand for election as…

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same as Cabinet Collective Responsibility, which states members of the cabinet must
approve publicly of its collective decisions or resign. This means that a motion vote for `no
confidence' is not in order should the actions of an organ of Government fail in the proper
discharge of their responsibilities. Where…

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Citizen's relationship to those elected
Citizens of the UK are able to participate towards the country in many ways through
personal levels, local levels, regional levels, national levels and global levels. Some of these
ways in which participation occurs include: Campaigning through leaflet dropping for a
party, voting in elections,…

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There would be a full judicial inquiry into allegations of British complicity in torture
and state kidnapping. --A full judicial inquiry has been announced.
The Labour Party has always been thought of as leftwing or centreleft in its politics. It
has maintained the stance of being a Socialist party ever…




this and your unit 4 revision have been so helpful, thankyou! :-)

taylor Samster


this was very helpful (2015 and still no A2 book!)

luke lampon


This is very good, i will be able to pass my SATS. Many thanks lots of love 

Sir Lucas lampon 



why don't this file even open ?

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