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Social learning theory ­
In order for an individual to learn any form of behaviour, the following four conditions must be
1. Attention to action
2. Remembering the action
3. Ability to replicate the behaviour
4. Motivation to replicate the behaviour.
Observation and imitation ­
It is claimed that children learn through observing behaviours carried out by role models with whom
they identify.
Operant conditioning ­
Punished or reinforced; child learns about the consequences of aggressive behaviour is through
observing others.…read more

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Further research conducted by Bandura identified that children were far more likely to be
aggressive if given rewards.
Study provides support for social learning theory as the children in the study didn't learn
the aggressive behaviour through operant conditioning but through vicarious
X ­ Cultural bias as it's done in the US only. Upper/middle class white people from wealthy
backgrounds is unrepresentative as it has low population validity.
X ­ Only children used.…read more

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The study was designed to last for 14 days.
Each participant underwent strict mental health testing.
Those assigned as prison guards were informed not to cause physical harm to the
Participants were paid $15 a day for their participation.
Zimbardo tried to create a representative sample of participants in order to ensure validity.
Clear rules were created and the aim of the study was well publicised to participants.…read more

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Culturally relative: white middle class sample which shows low population validity.
Demand characteristics
Done in the US so is culturally specific
Lacks ecological validity BUT the students knew they was in an experiment and not in a real
prison setting.
Zimbardo's over involvement meant it was not objective.
Additional research by Zimbardo ­
Conducted an experiment to test whether students would give electric shocks to their peers in a
learning activity (similar to Milgrams).
2 conditions:
1.…read more

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Collected data on warriors who changed their appearance prior to going to war ­ wearing
face paint, masks etc. he looked at data which detailed the extent to which their victims
were tortured, mutilated or killed.
Over simplistic ­ only looks at social aspects and it only comes from a social approach.
However, the social learning theory has aspects of the behavioural theory which could
mean that it's multi-dimensional.…read more


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