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Slide 1

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Events of 1974 and 2010
· Other forms of government
The Prime Minister and
· Characteristics of the government
· Cabinet Functions
Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cabinet
Forming Cabinet
· Appointing ministers
· The Changing UK Cabinet
· PM domination
· Cabinet Committees
· Marginalisation
· Functions of the PM
· Power of the PM
· Sources of power and authority
· Prime Ministerial vs Cabinet government…read more

Slide 2

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How is government
The government consists of 115
- 23 cabinet ministers
- 15 senior posts
- 60 junior ministers
- 17 whips
This is simple if one party has a clear
majority from the election: the leading
If there isn't a
party forms a MAJORITY government.
The leader of the party is invited to
form the government by the monarch.…read more

Slide 3

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Events of 2010 (and
1. After the 2010 election, it was clear that no party
had a clear majority
2. The Conservatives were the largest party but
were short by 20 seats
3. Labour negotiated with the Lib Dems
4. Lib Dems negotiated with both Labour and
5. Labour and the Lib Dems did not make a majority,
even together. This would have been the most
natural alliance
6. Gordon Brown advised the Queen to allow
Cameron to form a government of some sort
7. Cameron accepted and formed a coalition with the
Lib Dems…read more

Slide 4

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Other forms of
Minority Majority coalitions:
governments: - 2 parties form a majority e.g. 2010
- usually short-
lived, unstable and Grand coalitions:
are unusual - 2 major parties form an overwhelming majority
- party forms gov't - usually considered in times of national crisis
without majority e.g.
Britain 1974 Rainbow coalitions:
- usually only until - agreement between a larger number of parties
another election can - normally one large party + several smaller ones
be called
National coalitions:
- all parties
- at times of national crisis
- e.g. WWII and 1930s (major economic
depression)…read more

Slide 5

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Characteristics of
All members must sit in Parliament
Other MPs in the majority party are
All members are appointed by the PM
All are bound by collective responsibility
The full government never meet
together…read more

Slide 6

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Cabinet Functions
Meets weekly
PM and colleagues required to attend
Meetings generally 45 mins
Collective responsibility to settle
disputes: forced to accept a decision
and agree publicly with the outcome
Present and legitimise policy…read more

Slide 7

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Slide 8

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Slide 9

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Slide 10

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This resource is okay. It must have been used by a teacher to give a lecture. It is not very detailed and lacks full sentences.

Old Sir


A useful overview of the cabinet system of government in the Westminster model. Many students will find this useful as a starting-point for more detailed revision of the factors that affect prime ministerial power and the gathering of case study material to address assessment objective 2 (evaluation and analysis).

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