Unit 2 AQA Sociology: Revision quiz for Class Differences in achievement

AQA AS Sociology, quiz on all content. No answers, all can information can be found in the orange textbook or see uploaded revision notes

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Preview of Unit 2 AQA Sociology: Revision quiz for Class Differences in achievement

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Class differences in achievement
1. What is the popular explanation for class differences in achievement?
2. What is cultural deprivation?
3. What are the three main aspects of cultural deprivation?
4. What does Douglas see as the reason why working-class pupils scored lower on tests of ability than
middle-class pupils?
5. What does Bernstein and Young say about middle-class mothers?
6. How do Bereiter and Engelmann describe language in lower-class homes?
7. How do Bereiter and Engelmann claim that this language prevents them from taking advantage of
opportunities within school?
8. Name and describe the two types of speech code that Bernstein identifies
9. What does Douglas argue the reason is for low levels of achievement motivation in working-class
children?
10. What does Feinstein see the reason being for middle-class children being more successful than
working-class children?

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Page 2

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What does Hyman believe the values and beliefs of lower-class subculture are to educational success?
12. What are the four features of the working-class subculture that Sugarman sees as a barrier to
educational achievement?
13. What is compensatory education?
14. Name one example of a compensatory education scheme and describe what it included
15. Why does Keddie claim that cultural deprivation is a `myth'?
16. What does Troyna and Williams see as the problem in schools towards a child's language
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Name one way in which poor housing can have a direct impact on pupils' achievement
23. Name one way in which poor housing can have an indirect impact on pupils' achievement
24. How can a lack of financial support affect children from poorer families?
25. What does Bull call the extra expenses needed?
26. How does Flaherty offer an explanation as to why 20% of those eligible for free school meals do not
take up their entitlement
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Describe what Leech and Campos mean by `selection by mortgage'
33. What type of students did Sullivan find to have the greatest cultural capital?
34. How does Sullivan explain the remainder of the class gap in achievement, apart from cultural capital
35. Name and describe the types of parents Gerwitz identified when it came down to choice of secondary
school
36. What does it mean to label someone?
37. What did Becker find about the way in which teachers judged pupils?
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How does Jacobson and Rosenthal's experiment show a self-fulfilling prophecy?
44. What is a pupil subculture?
45. What two concepts does Lacey use to explain how pupil subcultures develop?
46. What sort of pupils tend to form a pro-school subculture according to Lacey?
47. What does Hargreaves argue is the main reason why pupils form subcultures?
48. What did Ball notice about the school he studied that abolished the banding method?
49. What other responses does Woods identify?
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What does Bartlett claim marketisation has lead popular schools to do?
54. What does Walford identify about CTC's in relation to their image to parents?
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