notes on divorce, childhood, marriage, power in the household etc.

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  • Created by: Lanta
  • Created on: 17-05-11 20:20

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Socially constructed concept (created and defined by society)
Child centred society ­ society is now much more based around children
(e.g. specialist child doctors, own magazines, books, television shows
and toys, laws to protect children, own food, school protection officers
Seen as a time of development in western culture
Eastern cultures see childhood as a time for working and even for
learning about becoming a soldier at a young age
Pilture ­ Said childhood is a distinct life stage. Separateness characterises
modern childhood.
Ariès- Said childhood is new and that children used to be mini adults. To come
to this conclusion, Ariès looked at medieval paintings and such.
1889 Prevention of cruelty to children act
1880 ­ Compulsory education for children under 10
1989 ­ The children's act (gave children more rights to healthcare, being
protected from abuse etc. Also made compulsory for teachers to attend child
protection training every 3 years and stopped teachers from being able to
physically hurt children. The act also stated that social services would have the
right to check on children).

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Legal contract between two people (traditionally between two people
of each sex)
On the decline due to people taking it more seriously and secularisation
(the decline in the church)
1981 ­ 60% marriages were in church
2001 ­ 40% of marriages were in church
1971 ­ Average age for marriage was 20
2000 ­ Average age for marriage was 30 for men and 28 for women (women
more independent and taking careers more seriously)
2001 ­ Under 150,000 first marriages in the UK…read more

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Power in the household
Division of labour
Gender roles ­ Women: emotional role, childcare and housework, work.
Men: decision making, financial role etc.
Young and Willmott ­ 1950s Bethnal Green Study (research released in
1973). Asked 40 men if they do any housework. The question was very vague,
although lead to Willmott and Young coming to the conclusion that there is a
march of progress towards families becoming more symmetrical.
Oakley ­ Feminist. Challenged Y+W's research. Said that symmetrical families
are myths.…read more

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Demographic trends
Shifts in the population
Birth rate ­ the number of live births per 1000 of the population over a
Fertility rate ­ number of live births per 1000 woman aged between 15
and 44 over a year
Death rate ­ number of deaths per 1000 of the population over a year
Migration: immigration (no. Of people coming into the country)
emigration (no.…read more

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People living longer ­ life expectancy is 80 for women and 75 for men
UK see's old people as a liability
Living longer due to ­ better healthcare, welfare state (pensions etc),
better diet and exercise, better hygiene, jobs less physical, no recent
world war
Legal end to a marriage
Increase in divorce ­ now acceptable in society
Pre 1950s ­ few divorces due to cost and social stigma. Also needed
grounds for divorce.…read more


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