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SOCIOLOGY - UNIT 1
Childhood

Socially constructed concept (created and defined by society)
Child centred society ­ society is now much more based around children
(e.g. specialist child doctors, own magazines, books, television shows
and toys, laws to protect children, own food, school protection officers
etc).
Seen as a time…

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Marriage

Legal contract between two people (traditionally between two people
of each sex)
On the decline due to people taking it more seriously and secularisation
(the decline in the church)


Stats

1981 ­ 60% marriages were in church

2001 ­ 40% of marriages were in church

1971 ­ Average age…

Page 3

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Power in the household



Division of labour
Gender roles ­ Women: emotional role, childcare and housework, work.
Men: decision making, financial role etc.


Research

Young and Willmott ­ 1950s Bethnal Green Study (research released in
1973). Asked 40 men if they do any housework. The question was very vague,
although…

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Demographic trends

Shifts in the population
Birth rate ­ the number of live births per 1000 of the population over a
year
Fertility rate ­ number of live births per 1000 woman aged between 15
and 44 over a year
Death rate ­ number of deaths per 1000 of the…

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People living longer ­ life expectancy is 80 for women and 75 for men
UK see's old people as a liability
Living longer due to ­ better healthcare, welfare state (pensions etc),
better diet and exercise, better hygiene, jobs less physical, no recent
world war

Divorce

Legal end to a…

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