unit 1- reason and experience checklist

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  • Created on: 11-05-13 16:08
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The strengths and weaknesses of the view that Locke and Hume on simple and complex ideas
the import of all ideas derives from and is Golden mountain, winged horse examples
determined by sense experience. Adam's ignorance regarding causation
A blind man's inability to conceive colour concepts
All genuine ideas traceable back to original impressions
This method as question begging: what if I have a genuine concept that is NOT so traceable?
Irreducible concepts: the chiliagon, infinity, substance, etc. (Hume's Problem)
Concepts structure experience itself, so experience presupposes conceptual understanding
(Kant)
Many concepts aren't perceivable by senses, only understandable by reason (Meno)
Hume and Locke talk of the power to abstract ­ is abstract traceable to an original
impression?
The missing shade of blue counterexample
Experience may be necessary but not sufficient to generate ideas (Leibniz)
The principle of empiricism not itself empirical (Plantinga)
The strengths and weaknesses of the view that Hume's fork ­ matters of fact can only be established a priori
claims about what exists or occurs must be Our ontology is at the mercy of experimentation: UFOs, gods, goblins, unicorns, etc.
justified by sense experience. Failure of a priori ontological arguments
Does `what exists' include moral facts? Not obviously empirically justified
The Cogito discloses existence a priori (Descartes)
Counterargument to this claim (Nietzsche, Russell)
Matter, self, past, God, moral values, subatomic particles all casualties of this approach

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Sense data as incorrigible
Is `certainty' confined to introspection and the Tautologies as necessary
tautological? The Cogito
Clear & distinct ideas ­ for and against (Arnauld)
The Myth of the Given (Sellars)
Being certain =/= feeing certain
The Myth of the Given: Hume's problem
The idea that experience is only intelligible as it is, The Mind shapes the world, not viceversa
because it presents sensation through a Kant " Thoughts without content are empty, intuitions without concepts are blind""
predetermined conceptual scheme or framework Space,…read more

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