Unit 1: Past paper plans part 1

This is 3 questions in which i planned for Elections

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Elections past paper questions
January 2009
(a) Outline the workings of the Additional Member system (5)
Paragraph 1: The Additional Member system (AMS) is a hybrid system
in which is a combination of the firstpastthepost system with the
regional list system. This means that the voter has two votes: one for the
candidate to represent their constituency and another from a party list.
The partylist element is used as a "topup" to the constituency vote
and is used to make the results more proportional. The election of the
Scottish Parliament is an example whereby AMS is used.
(b) How has the use of AMS affected party representation in the UK? (10)
Paragraph 1: Firstly, AMS has allowed the opportunity of wider and a
more of a diverse range of political parties to be elected. This means
that more political parties have enjoyed gaining administrative power. An
example of this is the Liberal Democrats who have formerly shared
power in the Scottish parliament with the Labour party.
Analysis: This party representation shows also that single party
majorities are very unlikely under AMS
Paragraph 2: Secondly, AMS reduces the dominance of one party
government. This means that the results are more proportional to the
votes which are casts. Therefore, the results are more democratic and
legitimate.
Analysis: As a result smaller parties such as the Green party have
enhanced representation.
Paragraph 3: Lastly, it affects the party representation through allowing
fortunes towards nationalist parties such as the Plaid Cymru and the
Scottish Nationalist Party. This is clearly shown when the SNP were
elected in power on a majority.
Analysis: however, one can argue that these smaller and nationalist
parties are not fit to govern which may cause a dilemma in the system
(c) Should Proportional representation be introduced for elections in the House of
Commons? (25)
Intro: The House of Commons is elected by the system of FPTP,
which is a simple plurality system. In recent years there has been a
long running debate as to whether proportional representation should
be introduced in its place. PR comes in many different forms,
however all aim to reach the number of seats reflecting the votes cast
Paragraph 1: Those in favour for a more Proportional representation
argue that it will benefit the people as it will make the House of

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Commons be more reflective on how the country votes. This
means that everyone's vote will count and there will be no such
thing as "wasted votes" and will resolve the issues of tactical
voting and safe seats.
Analysis: However, this will result in having coalitions all the time as
shown with the Single transferable Vote in Northern Ireland
Assembly. This means that it will no longer provide a strong and
stable government and decision making will take longer.…read more

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Analysis: However, the electoral system is not proportional, giving a
huge disadvantage to smaller parties such as the Green Party and
Liberal Democrats.
Paragraph 2: Another system used in the UK is the closed party list
system for electing the European parliament. This is carry out by
the UK being split into several large regions.…read more

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Paragraph 3: One of the major advantages of FPTP is that unlike the
proportional representation systems, it produces a strong and
stable government. This means that it is relatively easy for
government to pass its manifesto through HOC.…read more

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