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Globalisation isn't new as people, countries and continents have always been connected in economic,
cultural and political ways e.g. trade since 1492, colonialism from 19th century and cooperation since
the end of WW1

What makes modern globalisation different is that the connections between people and the sources

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Effects on:

Population movement: rural areas depopulated, loss of services and workforce

Transport: increased traffic in urban areas

Loss of culture: global identity

The Demographic Transition model

STAGE 1: Lack of healthcare and education, primary industry

STAGE 2: Improved health, reduced death rate, population growth

STAGE 3: Healthcare and family…

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Migration + and ­

POSITIVES Money Jobs for the
Business openings unemployed
More employed

NEGATIVES More people Loss of people
More congestion Loss of money
More litter
Money used for
benefits and grants go

Refugee ­ Person at fear of persecution for race, religion, nationality, political beliefs…

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NIC's ­ (newly industrialised counties) exports and average earnings have risen quickly since 1970's

OPEC ­ Organisation of petroleum exporting countries

OCED ­ Organisation for economic cooperation and development

Global Networks
Switched off/on countries ­ identify richest areas in the world

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Global hub ­ node especially well connected, makes people want to connect, sometimes have
natural resources

Population (roots)
1. Size of population
2. Structure ­ members of families
3. Migration and ethnicity
4. Employment
5. Social status ­ different classes

Measured by the census ­ count/survey of population, typically recording…

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