Unit 1 going global

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  • Created on: 04-05-13 08:46
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Geography
Globalisation
Globalisation isn't new as people, countries and continents have always been connected in economic,
cultural and political ways e.g. trade since 1492, colonialism from 19th century and cooperation since
the end of WW1
What makes modern globalisation different is that the connections between people and the sources
are becoming longer and a deepening of connections to other people and places in more areas of
our lives.
NEAR LENGTH OF GLOBAL CONNECTIONS FAR
SHALLOW
Low income nations
DEPTH
OF Middle income nations
GLOBAL
CONNECTIONS
High income nations
DEEP
National Elite ­ Group of people who are socially and economically powerful, affluent and skills are
highly prized
Economic Migrant ­ migrant whose primary motivation is to seek employment
Urbanisation ­ movement of people from rural to an urban area, causes push and pull factors

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Effects on:
Population movement: rural areas depopulated, loss of services and workforce
Transport: increased traffic in urban areas
Loss of culture: global identity
The Demographic Transition model
STAGE 1: Lack of healthcare and education, primary industry
STAGE 2: Improved health, reduced death rate, population growth
STAGE 3: Healthcare and family planning progress
STAGE 4: Benefits of modern healthcare, technology and education
STAGE 5: Near 0 population growth causing an aging population
Limitations of the model
Based on MEDC countries, not more recent LEDC development
Doesn't…read more

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Migration + and ­
HOST ORIGIN
POSITIVES Money Jobs for the
Business openings unemployed
More employed
NEGATIVES More people Loss of people
More congestion Loss of money
More litter
Money used for
benefits and grants go
up
Refugee ­ Person at fear of persecution for race, religion, nationality, political beliefs or social
grouping
Asylum seekers ­ whilst refugees wait for their claims to be processed
Transnational Cooperation's…read more

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NIC's ­ (newly industrialised counties) exports and average earnings have risen quickly since 1970's
OPEC ­ Organisation of petroleum exporting countries
OCED ­ Organisation for economic cooperation and development
Global Networks
Switched off/on countries ­ identify richest areas in the world…read more

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Global hub ­ node especially well connected, makes people want to connect, sometimes have
natural resources
Population (roots)
1. Size of population
2. Structure ­ members of families
3. Migration and ethnicity
4. Employment
5.…read more

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