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Creativity and innovation
London houses one of the most famous art galleries in the world, Tate Modern, which opened in
2001. The job of the curators of Tate Modern is to present art from the last 100 years. It is no easy
task to span…

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The four artists on the 2007 shortlist provided examples of just part of the breadth of the arts
encompassed, with the prize being judged on the artists' contribution to art over the previous year.
The annual show can attract up to 100,000 visitors and generates much public debate and

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The Booker prize for fiction was founded in 1968. More recently it has become the Man Booker
prize (the Man Group is involved in international finance and investment). Sponsorship enables a
prize of £50,000 to be made available for what is judged to be the best novel of the year.…

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Damien Hirst rose to fame in 1988 by curating the exhibition Freeze in a London Docklands
warehouse. In 1995 he won the Turner Prize. During the 1990s and until 2003, he benefited from
the support of the art patron Charles Saatchi.

Death is a central theme in Hirst's work and…

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Gormley uses materials to interpret the human body and he is particularly well known for Another
Place, his 2005 installation of 100 cast iron men, made from a mould of his own body, on the tidal
beach at Crosby on Merseyside. (They have previously featured in Germany, Norway and Belgium.)…

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They are financially successful for publishers, booksellers and authors.
They help people to get away from the idea that books are for a highly educated minority.
Recognition and acknowledgement of diversity in reading habits are important.
They have little intrinsic literary merit.
They have no lasting appeal.
They often…

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Compared to BBC1, BBC2 is generally seen as a minority channel. In 2004 it launched a
weekly arts programme, The Culture Show. There are increasing accusations that in order to
boost audience figures the programme has been seeking to move 'downmarket' -- in effect
putting more emphasis on popular culture…

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The use of a phrase like 'dumbing down' is insulting to a great many people.
Accusations of 'dumbing down' are typical of those who would like to preserve the
arts for elite groups.
Widening access to the arts does not necessarily mean dumbing down.
Modern media and new forms…

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from eastern Europe by extravagant promises of a new and better life. We are invited to make
moral judgements about now and then. Perhaps Cleland intended it to be a morality tale, though he
wrote his book in a debtor's prison so perhaps his intentions were more mundane. As for…

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There is a clear reference to a phrase used in the passage, so that section should be reread.
Answer D should be dismissed quickly as it is obviously wrong. B is not very likely. `Lower classes'
is not a phrase commonly used. C is more of a distracter, but there…


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