Unit 4 45 marker plans: Nationalism & Multiculturalism

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`Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
To what extent does multiculturalism promote cultural integration/politics of difference and diversity? (2012,2011)
MC promotes diversity due to its belief in communitarianism as a core Diversity is balanced within civic unity, and through the existence of multiple identitie s Overall, MC
feature of political and social identity Communitarianism is the belief that the Lib MC also place emphasis on diversity within the framework of civic unity which helps to bind does promote
self or person cannot be understood outside society but are intrinsically shaped by people together.. In private, we should be free to express our cultural, moral and religious cultural
the social, cultural and other contexts within which they live and develop. Thus beliefs any way we want, however in public life we should all adhere to at least a basic civic
integration and
communities are owed respect and consideration. Michael Sandel argued the idea code to maintain stability. This can be illustrated by the US' stress on a good grasp of English
of the abstract individual the `unencumbered self' is a recipe for rootless atomism. and a knowledge of US history before being allowed into the state, E.g hyphenated diversity. Due
Multiculturalism in this sense is part of a wider politics of cultural self assertion. nationalism.. Prevents isolation and confusion as argued by Montesquieu. to its belief in
communitariani
Liberal multiculturalists acknowledge that one of the benefits of cultural diversity is Cultural mixing allows the beliefs and practices of the dominant, usually western, cultural sm and
that it promotes vigour and dynamism , as well as a more tolerant and groups to prevail over, and subvert, those of cultural groups which enjoy fewer importance of
enlightened social ethic. In the liberal view, as different cultural groups learn economic and political advantages . Cultural mixing is therefore asymmetrical process, cultural identity
about each other not only are they more likely to respect and tolerate each other's always in danger of descending into cultural imperialism. All forms of identity politics view
it seeks to
beliefs and practices but also they gain greater insight into their own beliefs and liberal universalism as a source of oppression, even cultural imperialism which marginalises
practices. In this sense, cultural diversity promotes a free market of ideas that and demoralises subordinate groups. The culture of liberal societies benefit dominant groups,
ensure
advances understanding and wisdom. Lib MC accept diversity within a moral men, whites, wealthy etc. Subordinate groups are considered inferior or a demeaning individuals are
framework Liberal multiculturalists construe diversity within a liberal framework, stereotype as they are encouraged to identify with the values and interest of dominant groups, free to express
being unwilling, for example, to tolerate ideas and practices that are oppressive or their oppressors. Edward Said's notion of `Orientalism' highlighted how european colonialism their identities
illiberal, and not being willing to compromise the principles of liberal democracy. E.g had been upheld through stereotypical fictions that belittled and demeaned nonwestern as freely as
France and the Burka Ban. Even pragmatic liberals do not endorse PMC as it risks people/culture. Cultural separation therefore promises to protect minority ethnic groups from possible.
antidem values. `westernisation'.. Done through selfgov rights as argued for by Kymlicka e.g. NZ
Although, PMC
draw on
Cosmopolitan multiculturalism takes these ideas further in that it positively Cultural mixing weakens cultural embeddedness , in that what people gain from their
endorses hybridity and cultural mixing . Cultural recognition is therefore seen as cultural identity is a clear sense of historical and social belonging. Cultural mixing and any diversity more
the first stage in a process that encourages people to recognise their common `mixandmatch' form of multiculturalism merely weakens this embeddedness, giving people a that on
humanity, in that parallels and similarities amongst cultural groups outweigh their shallow or inauthentic sense of identity. A pride in one's culture and especially a public integration,
differences. This may even lead to a kind of `mixand match' multiculturalism, in acknowledgement and celebration of one's cultural identity thus gives people a sense of social overall most
which people are positively encouraged to enrich their own lives and seek personal and historical rootedness. A weak or fractured sense of cultural identity leaves people feeling MC belief
development by drawing on the beliefs and practices of a variety of cultural groups isolated and confused. PMC argue for separateness and minority rights as it helps people form integration to
and not merely a single group. Waldron... individual identity is a `melange' of their own selfrespect and selfworth. The exemption of Sikhs to have to wear motorcycle
be an essential
commitments, affiliations and roles.. Hybridity means that differences between helmets, or them being allowed to carry a ceremonial dagger would not be of issue to someone
people will disappear. Deep understanding for one another will develop with shared who wasn't a practising Sikh. aspect of
global identity arising. People have more than one layer of identity... by embracing identity.
cultural exchange it fosters cultural toleration and understanding.

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Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
To what extent does multiculturalism encourage conflict rather than harmony through diversity? (2012, 2010)
Pluralist multicultural societies are less repressive than monocultural Conservatives believe that MC undermines a shared sense of Overall, MC leads to
ones so lead to less tension .…read more

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Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'.…read more

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Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'.…read more

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Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
To what extent is nationalism a forwardlooking doctrine (2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, Spec)
Advances a civic and rational view of national identity Lib focus on establishing a Some forms advances a primordial and exclusive view of national identity Nationalis
political nation state rather than on based on culture.…read more

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Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'.…read more

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