Unit 3 45 marker plans: Liberalism & Anarchism

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`Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`Liberal Democracy is a contradiction in terms'. Discuss (2013, 2011, Spec).
LD is a lesser of two evils. View of the state of nature Hobbes NBS. LD leads to over powerful governments. Liberals fear power as human beings are self seeking Liberal
Social contract, rational people would consent, Government is constrained by creatures. Egoism + power = corruption. People seek to use it for their own benefit. Lord Acton, democracy
constitutionalism and the people. Constitutionalism delivers limited government `Power tend to' Despotic regimes in the the middle east are examples of consequences due to the may initially
either by legally ringfencing government (e.g. codified constitutions and bills of lack of constitutional powers. Individualist anarchists who oppose all forms of state control argue
seem
rights) or fragmenting government power so creating a network of checks and to be in authority is to acquire an appetite for prestige, control and eventually domination.
balances (e.g. the separation of powers, bicameralism and federalism).Lesser of Authority therefore gives rise to a `psychology of power', based on a pattern of `dominance and contradictory
two evils. `where there is no law there is no freedom'. Plato and aristotle see submission'. For Paul Goodman, this is leads to a society in which `many are ruthless and most but it merely
democracy as a system of rule of the masses at the expense of wisdom and live in fear' which is no different to the state of nature as argued by Hobbes and Locke. The ultra allow limits
property. However it's better than the state of nature or a despotic rule as liberal current or anarchism argued that liberalism fails to appreciate the negative and destructive to be
unchecked power becomes corrupt which is a greater fear. forces that are embodied in the institutions of law and government. enforced on
governmenta
LD limits governmental power and promotes selfdevelopment. Democracy LD leads to tyranny of the majority and therefore favours the collective over the individual.
l, thus
limits government power through the idea of popular consent. Regular Tocqueville Tyranny of the majority. Rousseau predicted problems in democracy as it is majority
competitive elections and universal suffrage + political equality. Establishing a rule = tyranny of majority and suffrage. Tyranny of majority = compromising individual rights.
promoting
system of public accountability it protects the individuals against overmighty Difference between 'will of the people' (selfinterest) and 'general will' (the common good). If 99% core liberal
government that political participation, in the form of voting or holding public vote for a plan of action out of 'will of the people', might not be for the common good. Majority values. It
office, promotes personal selfdevelopment and political education Mill: shouldn't govern at expense of minority e.g. discrimination against Catholic minority by also
democracy in its unrestrained form leads to tyranny but in the absence of Protestant majority in Northern Ireland. Paradox of democracy = democracy is a means by which endorses
democracy, ignorance and brutality will prevail people could be liberated and free to express self interested individualism, and yet excessive majority rule
amounts of this can result in the oppression of minorities. Can become the enemy of the
to ensure
individual, `the people' are not a single entity but rather a collection of individuals and groups,
possessing different opinions and opposing interests. that
government
LD is the best way of ensuring balance and harmony in a society of LD ignores the fact that wisdom is unequally distributed in society . Democracy endangers has
competing interests. Mill argued elected politicians should speak for themselves wise and sensible governments because as JS Mill argued political wisdom is unequally legitimate
rather than reflect the views of their electors and proposed a system of plural distributed and largely related to education. Uneducated poor are more likely to act according to authority
voting. Locke argued that voting rights should be extended to the propertied who narrow class interests which could lead to disastrous consequences. . Gasset arrival of mass which
could defend their natural rights against governmental. `No taxation without democracy led to overthrow of civilized society and moral order, paving way for authoritarian liberals view
representation'. However, Utilitarianism implies that individuals will vote so as to rulers to come to power by appealing to basest instincts of the masses. E.g. Hitler, Mussolini and
as
advance or defend their interests as they define them. Bentham believed that Franco. Neither Rousseau nor Jefferson supported the case for universal suffrage and would
universal suffrage is the only way of promoting `the greatest good for the greatest have excluded the poor, dependants and women from voting. In practice, rise of populism in necessary
number.'Political equality in the form of universal adult suffrage ensures formal America w/ Trump. due to fears
equality amongst individuals and that wide and equal access to policy of
formulation generates equilibrium amongst the competing groups in society. corruptibility

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Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`To what extent have modern liberals departed from the ideas of classical liberalism?' (2013, 2012
Liberalism is the belief in the sovereignty of the individual over that of tradition, or the collective good of society.…read more

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Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
Classical v Modern
Classicals see state is a necessary evil View of the state of nature Hobbes State should protect from social evils ML like Green, Hobhouse, Overall, liberals seek a
NBS.…read more

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Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
To what extent is anarchism a single doctrine? (2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010)
Individualist vs collectivist.
Antistate as seen as a limitation on liberty. `Governmental best which governs See the state as a proponent of capitalism. Argue that state intervention merely Anarchis
not at all' Thoreau.…read more

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Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`Anarchists demand the impossible.'/ `Notion of a stateless society is merely an anarchist fantasy' Discuss (2013, 2011)
Place excessive faith in `human goodness' or social institutions to maintain Based on rational logic and empirical observation. Godwin argued that Anarchism is
order and stability.…read more

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Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'. Discuss (2012,
`Liberalism is defined by the desire to minimise the role of the state'.…read more

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