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Majoritarian
· In these systems, the candidate has to win a
majority of the votes in the election.
· Used in single member constituencies
e.g. The Alternative Vote system…read more

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Plurality
· The winning candidate simply has to win one
more vote than its rival candidates.
· Used in single member constituencies
e.g. First Past the Post…read more

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Proportional Representation
· These systems aim to achieve a balance
between the number of votes won and the
number of seats granted.
· Used in multi-member constituencies, and
works using electoral formulas to distribute
seats according to votes.
e.g. The Single Transferable Vote system
The Party List system…read more

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Hybrid
· Elements of Majoritarian, Plurality and
Proportional Representation systems are
incorporated into one system
· MPs are voted in either single or multi-member
constituencies
e.g. The Additional Member system…read more

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First Past the Post FPTP
· A plurality system - the candidate with the most votes gains the seat.
· Used in the UK for electing members to the House of Commons.
PROS:
· Simple to use, both when voting and when working out the winner
· Produces strong, stable Governments (2010 Con-Lib is only post-war
coalition)
· Prevents extremist parties from gaining seats
· Keeps effective and clear link between voter and their representative
CONS:
· Favours a two-party system; smaller parties are under represented
· Wasted votes and safe seats cause lower participation
· Encourages tactical voting
· Winner may not have support from the majority of voters = less legitimacy…read more

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