Typology of Religious Organisations

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  • Created by: HLOldham
  • Created on: 03-04-16 14:54
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Church Denomination Sect Cult
Structure International National Local, can be Local or
national, international
Organisation Hierarchy Bureaucratic Voluntary, Voluntary, very
Bureaucratic informal and lose structure
tightly knit
Relationship Established and Nonconformist Very critical of Offers a unique
with Secular has connections wider society approach to life
Society to the state and they shut
themselves off
Relationship Formal Expects more Full commitment Flexible
with Members relationship, from you required membership
commitment id Strong Sometimes at a
often from birth enforcement of distance
Doesn't require rules and
much from its commitment
Monopoly of Tend to say they Don't tend to They believe Has no
the Truth have monopoly preach they have they have the monopoly of the
of the truth monopoly of the fundamental truth
truth monopoly of the
Time Scale Been around for Usually about Usually about a Very short lived
centuries 100 years, generation, ­ dies out with
maybe a bit sometimes a bit its founder
more more
Social More middle/ More middle More working, Anyone (at the
Background of upper class class under and moment an
Members oppressed class increase
amongst the
middle class)
Examples Sikhism Baptist Moonies Scientology
Hinduism Methodist Mormons Meditation
Christianity Pentecostal Branch Davidians


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