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Types of sentences
Prison Where an offender is sentenced to over 4 years, he must serve two thirds
of the sentence and where a sentence for under 4 years is imposed, he must serve
half of the sentence. With regards to life sentences, the minimum starting point is
12 years. (Criminal Justice Act 2003)
Home Detention Curfew Early release from prison can have a curfew order
attached. This helps to reduce the prison population and is said to help offenders to
structure their lives. The curfew is enforced by electronic tagging. There is no
automatic right to be released on curfew, each prisoner is individually assessed.
Extended Sentences These are used for sexual and violent offences. The offender
is given a custodial penalty combined with an extended period that must be served
on licence. Cannot exceed 10 years for a sexual offence of 5 years for a violent
Minimum Sentences For over 18's only. 7 year sentence for 3 convictions of
class A drugs. 3 years for 3 convictions of burglary.
Suspended Sentences Can be imposed for up to 2 years. If an offender commits
an offence within the set period he must serve the original prison sentence plus the
new sentence. It should only be imposed in exceptional circumstances.
The Criminal Justice Act 2003 creates one community order with different
Unpaid Work Requirement This requires the defendant to work for between 40
and 300 hours on a project organised by probation. It can entail painting school
buildings, mending fences etc.
Prohibited Activity requirement - This allows activities to be prohibited such as
wearing a hoodie, carrying paint or spray cans if the defendant has been charged with
Curfew Requirement An offender can be ordered to remain within a fixed address
for between 2 and 12 hours within a 24 hour period. It is often enforced by electronic
Exclusion Requirement - Offenders are excluded from entering certain places at
certain times of day on set days. E.g. pubs, clubs or football grounds. It can be
imposed for up to three years for those over 16 and three months for those under
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Supervision Requirement An
offender is placed under the supervision of a probation officer for three years.
There are a number of requirements designed to rehabilitate and these are:
A Mental Health Requirement This requires an offender to seek mental health
treatment provision in the form of classes and therapy.
A Drug Rehabilitation Requirement This will require an offender to attend a drug
rehabilitation centre and it incorporates regular testing to ensure compliance.…read more
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Supervision Requirement- Those under 18 are placed under supervision of the
social services, a probation officer or a youth offending team.
Unpaid Work Requirement for those aged 16 or 17 at the time of conviction.
A prohibited Activity Requirement as above.
A Curfew Requirement as above
An Exclusion Requirement as above
An Education Requirement Aimed at those in education.
A Residence Requirement An offender under the age of 17 can be placed in the
care of the local authority.…read more