Types of Farming

a table with the types of farming, what it is and advantages and disadvantages of each

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  • Created on: 28-04-12 11:49
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Type Of Farming Description Advantages Disadvantages
Commercial Farming for sale and profit. It can range from a small family farm in the If the farm is successful a profit will be earned. farms must be located near to transport systems
UK up to the huge corporation-owned farms in the US Midwest. A provides jobs as people will be needed to do reduced the amount of subsistence farming
plantation is a specialised form of commercial farm. Plantations are things such as plant crops as well as harvest them big plantations will be able to supply more and
usually owned by large firms because big investments are needed in therefor may cause smaller farms to be shut down as
growing, processing and transporting crops. Most plantations are in the prices for crops from smaller farms will be higher
tropical and subtropical areas and grow tree crops for export. Coffee, than the produce from plantations.
tea, sugar, bananas, palm oil, rubber and pineapples are typical
plantation crops.
Subsistence Growing food for the family. It was once widespread when people lived you would still have food to eat no matter how very labor intensive and time consuming and you
in small, isolated communities but it has become rare now that bad the economy was. would probably have little time for other activities
transport is so much easier and trade is more common. Some farmers in Eco friendly and no pollution drought in hot seasons may mean that crops can't be
remote parts of poor countries are probably best described as near- grown meaning no food can be supplied for that
subsistence farmers, but even they often sell surpluses when they are family.
Intensive When the land is farmed with a high rate of inputs so that a high rate of the yield is high intensive farming affects and alters the environment
outputs can be produced. With the introduction of intensive farming, farm in multiple ways. Forests are destroyed to create large
produce such as vegetables, fruits and poultry open fields and this could lead to soil erosion.
products have become less expensive. This means Intensive farming affects the natural habitats of wild
that poor people can afford a balanced and animals. Use of chemical fertilizers contaminates soil
nutritious diet. and water bodies such as lakes and rivers.
large productivity of food is possible with less
amount of land
Extensive Uses a large area of land with low inputs and low outputs per hectare. Animal welfare is generally improved because Yields tend to be much lower than with intensive
animals are not kept in stifling conditions farming in the short term
Lower requirements of inputs such as fertilizers. Large land requirements limit the habitat of wild
Local environment and soil are not damaged by species
overuse of chemicals
Arable Originally meant land that is fit to cultivate. However, in geography it is Helps the economy going Expensive price of inputs
used to describe farming crops. Wheat, rice, barley, soya and cotton are a lot of people rely on farmers for food Very low profit
typical arable crops. These can be grown as monoculture when a farm Can be employed freely usually farms are very far away from the city, so it is
(or even a whole region) concentrates exclusively on a single crop. hard to travel from places to places
Livestock Keeping mainly animals. They can be kept mainly for meat, mainly for Animals can be used all through the year, the Trees have to be destroyed sometimes in order to
milks or mainly for wool, leather etc. Examples of livestock are cattle, weather isn't as important as it is for farming create a large enough space to keep animals.
sheep, pigs, goats, camels and poultry crops.
Mixed Growing crops and keeping animals. It has many benefits as the crops crops can provide fodder for the animals, and the Because a mixed farming system consists of multiple
can provide fodder for the animals, and the animals can provide animals can provide manure for the soil. activities running simultaneously, this makes the
manure for the soil. control, monitoring, and maintenance of the farm
more difficult than a monoculture where only a single
activity is run


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