Types and Properties of Solids

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Types and Properties of Solids
Type of Atomic Molecular Ionic
Solid Network Metallic Group VIII
Structural Atom Atom Atom Molecule Ion
Unit
Covalent bonds Covalent bonds London Polar molecules: Ionic
involving electrons dispersion forces
dipole-dipole
that are delocalized interactions
Type of
throughout the Non-polar
Bonding
crystal molecules:
London
dispersion forces
Hard Wide range of Very low Soft Hard
High melting hardness melting point Low melting High melting
Typical
point Wide range of point point
Properties
Insulator melting points Insulator Insulator
Conductor
Diamond Silver Argon(s) Ice (solid H2O) Sodium Chloride
Graphite Iron Dry Ice (solid Calcium Flouride
Silicon (pure): Brass CO2)
Examples
Semi-conductor
Low melting
point

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