Tsar reforms

Includes some of the Liberal and autocratic reforms Alexander II, Alexander II and Nicholas II created.

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  • Created on: 30-11-13 20:04
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ALEXANDER II . Social control of the peasantry who . The Emancipation Act, signed by the
continued to in communal agriculture and Tsar in 1861, was a massive personal
had to pay communal taxes and heavy achievement and Alexander II had already
redemption payments to the state, which emancipated serfs on the royal estates in
compensated the nobles. 1858.
. The share of wealth that the nobles had . The Tsar appointed liberal nobles to the
increased from 1861-1914. committee, which drafted reform in 1859
. The rich and wealthy had more voting and used reforming ministers in order to
power and those who paid the greatest introduce change. The willingness to ally
taxes had the largest representation. with liberal elements was vital for the
. Liberal ministers were dismissed when success of reform.
the peasants protested about the loss of . To deal with the law creating a challenge
land and payment. to traditional authority- censorship was
. The Zemstvos were there to make taken out and crimes or possible crimes
improvements not to discuss matters against the state were taken out.
relating to politics in a wider sense. . Magistrates would decide if there was a
. A more restricted curriculum based on need a prosecution.
classical studies was imposed and more . In 1864 came the Zemstvos, which were
towards science was not encouraged. the first elected local governments.
. The Zemstvos encouraged hope for . In 1874 there was the introduction of
greater change however, there was no universal conscription ­ within 6 years
intention that there should be greater service and long period in the reserve.
political development. The Zemstvos were This got rid of the serf army. This was
there to support autocracy by making more towards a modern army.
local administration more efficient. . There was a reorganization of local and
regional courts to hear relatively minor

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Bribery of judges
was reduced to avoid corruption.
ALEXANDER III . The countryside was dominated by . Redemption payments were reduced and
communal peasant agricultural and a peasant land bank was set up in 1882 to
profitable market ­ based estates able to allow farmers access to money for
take advantage of the new rail links improvements and the poll tax was
therefore the rich were getting richer and abolished.
the poor remained poor.
. Russiafication was introduced.
.…read more

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NICHOLAS II . When the Frist World War started the . New state Duma was created. No Imperial
Duma was to advise the Tsar. edict could become law without the
. The growth in urban markets and Duma's consent.
communications did not benefit the . October Manifesto of 1905 promised a
peasantry. national parliament. There was also the
. The powers of the Duma were limited and promise of speech and press.
voting was changed to favor the rich. .…read more


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