Treatments for anxiety

Drugs, behaviour, cognitive and psycodynamic therapies

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Treatments Describe Evaluate
for anxiety
Drugs Beta-blockers Good at reliving symptoms- buts not a cure
Works by blocking the stimulating effects of adrenaline on your body Main treatment for specific phobias
Increased heart rate More suitable when panic attacks accompany
High blood pressure specific and social phobias
Pounding heart Addiction can be a problem with BZ's- only
Shaking voice given short courses
Shaking limbs
Great for people with social fears SSRI's
SSRIs, easily tolerated and safe- can be used
with older patients
Anti-depressants not addictive
Relive symptoms caused by low arousal of the autonomic nervous system quicker and cheaper than psychological
SSRIs are used to treat phobias as they work on symptoms such as panic attacks treatments
Cause side effects-headaches etc...
work by reducing the rate at which the body reabsorbs Serotonin(chemical in brain)- risk of relapse when coming of them
a neurotransmitter which controls the mood and anxiety- it is often prescribed for
depression(low levels are involved in the development of anxiety)
purpose of drugs is to reduce anxiety- bring symptoms suffered by individuals
effective treatment for panic with agoraphobia and generalised social phobias
Usually prescribed for a short period and are reviewed often by a doctor
MAOIs- older class of anti- depressant medication- used sometimes for those who
gain no benefits from SSIRs-work well with certain phobias ( blocks some
neurotransmitters in the brain)

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Help you to relax by reducing the amount of anxiety that you feel
EG.…read more

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VRET ­virtual Similar to systematic desensitisation More easier and cheaper and more
reality Therapy takes place in a virtual world convenient than systematic desensitisation
exposure Used a lot to treat phobic patients being trailed with other anxiety disorders Has a similar level of success as systematic
therapy Patients placed in 3d virtual world ­wear head-mounted display allowing desensitisation
patients to pick up sensory cues(what things look like) Equipment required for VRET is expensive
Computer monitor shows the therapist what the patient is seeing Some patients…read more

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Patient realises that anxiety levels have dropped and that although they have avoided
situations in the past, there is in fact no reason for this.
IMPULSION THEORY- is similar to this however, patient is asked to IMAGINE situation
EXPOSURE and RESPONSE PREVENTION type of flooding used with OCD patients
Clients repeatedly exposed to a situation in which obsessive thought occur
Example- public toilets prevented from caring out their compulsive acts.…read more

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u…read more

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