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Psychosurgery (Biological)

Description
A now extremely rare biological treatment for psychological disorders
that involves systematically damaging the brain. The most extreme form,
the front lobotomy was a popular treatment for schizophrenia in the
1940s ­ early 1950s.

Procedures, how it works and uses
Lesioning areas of the brain. (Making small…

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ECT (Biological)

Description
A treatment fore severely depressed patients who have proved resistant
to other forms of psychological and biological therapies. It involves
passing a small current through the brain to cause a epileptic like fit.

Procedures, how it works and uses
A small current is passed through the brain…

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the suggestion that it does effect long term memory impairment,
however there is evidence to show that it doesn't have any cognitive
side effects, but the possibility is still there, therefore making the
treatment seem a bit more dangerous. If the patient can't give full
informed consent, then it makes…

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Drugs (Biological)

Description
A substance which alters how the brain or body works for a certain
period of time.

Procedures, how it works and uses
The drug would contain a chemical(s) which would effect your body
or brain, to increase or block neurotransmitters for example.

Examples of how it could…

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Weaknesses
Could make the patient concerned have an over reliance on the
drugs and could have the effect of stopping people getting through
issues which caused the disorder.
Might not cure the disorder, as might not affect the source.
Might not be able to give full informed consent. ­ Schizophernia…

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Psychoanalysis (Psychodynamic)

Description
On slide show after this page.

Procedures, how it works and uses
On slide show after this page.

Examples of how it could be used to treat disorders
Depression and anxiety disorders ­ These are usually routed in
childhood, so this therapy helps the client work through…

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treatment at all. Therefore my opinion of this treatment is that it is not
an effective one, therefore it should only be considered if other
therapies fail.

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Systematic desensitisation (Behavioural)

Description
Systematic desensitisation is a behavioural therapy based on the
behavioural approach. It works via classical conditioning. This therapy is
assuming fear is a learned response. The aim of the treatment is to
extinguish the automatic feared response by counter conditioning to
replace it with a relaxed…

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Page 10

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Beck's Cognitive Therapy
(Cognitivebehavioural therapies)

Description
This challenges irrational thoughts.

Procedures, how it works and uses
It considers depression to be the effect of a negative schema.
Irrational cognitions are challenged and replaced with more realistic
appraisals (cognitive restructuring)
Therapist and client identify negative thoughts via a diary.
Therapist then…

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