Transformation of Surgery 1845-1920 Timeline

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  • Created by: Lola Rose
  • Created on: 05-06-12 16:57
Preview of Transformation of Surgery 1845-1920 Timeline

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N itrous oxide - first used as dental anesthetic by Horace Wells. ! ! ! ! 1844
E ther - first as dental anesthetic by William Morton, amputation by Robert Liston. ! ! 1846
S emmelweiss - Cut death rate by infection with good hygiene. Ignored. ! ! ! 1846
C hloroform - Anesthetic by James Simpson - ! ! ! ! ! ! ! 1847
P asteur - Germ Theory - ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! 1861
L ister - applied Germ Theory to surgery. Suggest germ=disease. ! ! ! ! 1861
L ister - wards free from sepsis after two years of carbolic acid. !! ! ! ! 1867
K och - identified blood poisoning bacteria, germs=disease. ! ! ! ! ! 1878
G loves - William Halstead developed rubber gloves. Aseptic.! ! ! ! ! 1890
B lood - Karl Landsteiner discovers groups O A B. ! ! ! ! ! ! 1901
B lood - Discovers group AB, also. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! 1902
C itrate - Sodium Citrate found to stop blood clotting. ! ! ! ! ! ! 1915
R efrigeration - allows blood to be kept for longer. ! ! ! ! ! ! 1915
G lucose/Gilles - ! Rous and Turner find adding glucose keeps blood longer - ! ! 1916
! ! ! ! Gilles pioneers plastic techniques. - ! ! ! ! ! 1917
D epot - First blood depot set up in Battle of Cambrai ! ! ! ! ! ! 1917

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