Trade Unions - Who did what? 1865-1992

a table of all of the trade unions, who they where, what they did and when they did it

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  • Created by: ellie
  • Created on: 14-05-13 14:59
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Trade union Active Dates Activity
National Labour 1866-1869 An attempt to form a single association that would
Union draw a mass membership.
Wanted an 8 hour day, currency and banking reform, end
of convict labour, immigration restrictions and a federal
labour department
promoted the case of working women
died after leader ­ William H Sylvis ­ death in 1869
Knights of labour 1869 ­ 1886 Reputation destroyed because of the violence at the
Haymarket Affair
Led by Terence V Powderly ­ intended to unite skilled
and unskilled workers
demanded 8 hour day
attracted membership of the National Labour Union
following its demise
The National Negro 1869 Attempted, unsuccessfully to affiliate with white skilled
Labour Union unions.
The Molly Maguires 1870s Irish immigrant miners
during a series of strikes in 1873 (resulting from wage
cuts) railroad cars were derailed, coal tips set on fire and
a superintendent murdered.
Amalgamated 1876 Represented skilled iron and steel workers
Association of Iron negotiated national uniform wage scales each year,
and Steel Workers helped regularise working hours, workload levels, work
(the AA) speeds, and helped improve working conditions
Homestead strike 1892 ­ negotiations for three year
collective bargaining agreement failed, strike lasted 143
days, KOL and AA teamed up after a Lockout went wrong,
Pinkerton agents fired at crowds, union broken and
bankrupted.
The American 1886 Effectively replaced the KOL
Federation of Labor Leader Samuel Gompers ­ argued that labour had to
harness the bargaining power of skilled workers to stand
up to large corporations
this was to be achieved through concentration on
practical goals such as raising wages and reducing
working hours
he supported the use of strikes and boycotts
Women's trade 1903 Encouraged and supported women in organising
union league themselves into unions and also opposed sweatshop
working conditions
wanted laws establishing and eight hour day and minimum
wage.
The industrial 1905 - 1924 Militant organisation with a reputation for violence
Workers of the stood out for defence of the rights of the poor and
World illiterate workers such as immigrants
(`the wobblies')

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Folded due to divisions beginning to occur within the
leadership
The Brotherhood of 1925 Pullman company refused to work with the union
sleeping car porters Campaigned for recognition, were successful and able to
claim that it was the only legitimate union, the union
signed a collective bargaining agreement with the
Pullman Company ­ shows success of actions
Congress of 1935 Set up to unify unskilled workers in one union
Industrial suspected of communism
Organisations (CIO) in 1936 AFL expelled CIO from its ranks (see 1955…read more

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