Tourism Unit

The whole AQA Geography tourism unit with several case studies. 

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  • Created on: 12-06-11 12:34
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Human Geography Tourism Unit
How do we define tourism?
activities that require travel away from home
staying more than one night but less than a year
includes holidaymakers, business trips, visits to friends and family.
What has caused the tourism growth in MEDCs?
Tourism has increased globally.
1950 32 million tourist arrivals 2010 900 million tourist arrivals
Economic Factors
people are earning higher wages which means they have more money to spend on
development of package holidays mean that lower income families can travel tourism is no
longer just for the rich.
government legislation entitles people to holidays with pay, so people can now have more
than one holiday a year
low cost airlines mean flying is more affordable
a shorter working week and more paid holidays than ever, three weeks holiday on
Social Factors
need more / longer holidays due to work pressure.
ageing population means people are active for longer and are going on more holidays.
retiring early means people go on holiday more.
fashions change, meaning we want to go abroad and try certain types of holiday made
famous by TV and magazines e.g. skiing or adventure holidays.
Technological Factors
road improvements have reduced driving times and mean people can travel further which
encourages holidays.
increased car ownership, more people can go further afield.
international airports and transatlantic flights mean easy and quick foreign travel.
18th century, canals, 19th century, railways, 20th century, Eurostar channel tunnel.
computer reservations and online booking mean ease, don't have to use the high street
travel agent.
Types of Tourism
There are lots of different types of tourism. Italy does so well as a tourist destination as it
offers tourists a wide range of activities.
The Alps Outdoor Pursuits
walking, climbing and skiing.
Mt. Blonc and lots of ski resorts.
Naples and Vesuvius Sightseeing

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Two volcanic areas like Vesuvius and has two
popular islands.
Full of history and old cities.
Italian Riviera Beach Holiday
big beaches and resorts and a few built up areas with expensive shops and restaurants.
cathedrals and museums adds some culture and variation on the beach holiday.
Venice Sightseeing
lagoon city attracts visitors due to architecture,
four hundred canals and St. Mark's Church and also Romeo and Juliet.
on the Adriatic sea, so flat with beaches. Good all round holiday.…read more

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Stage Five Stagnation
visitor numbers have now peaked.
the resort is becoming older and dirtier and people are going into new resorts for the
a lower class of customers come and scare other tourists off. Gains a reputation and
doesn't appeal to new customers so needs repeat trade.
businesses will often fail at this stage, regularly changing hands.
Stage Six Rejuvenation or Decline
can either modernise resort and so save it, new market is encouraged by the use of new
attractions.…read more

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Physical Summer season has Offering inside and outside
unpredictable weather and facilities to attract people all
as it is short people choose year round.
to go elsewhere than waste
Physical Blackpool beach and Beach renourishment and
seawall are constantly groynes keep in sand and
eroded. keep tourists coming.
Social Becoming a hen and stag Increase alcohol prices.
resort due to cheap image Centre pubs in one location
deters other customers. away from families and
hotels a red light district.…read more

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So a huge influx of visitors but little money to
show for it.
Environmental Advantages
to get tourists they build National Parks and nature reserves which encourages awareness
of wildlife and stops development.
encourages tight laws to protect host country
income from tourists goes into conservation and repairs on land and historic buildings.
Environmental Disadvantages
traffic congestion and pollution.
lose vegetation and ecosystems to development.
poor buildings being put up quickly to cope with tourists. Don't fit in with general
architecture.…read more

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Masai Mara, the biggest park, goes to them.
Environmental Problems
NPs are damaged. Grass lands become dusty in summer and mudbowls in winter. All due
to jeeps queues of 70 at a time and 8000 visitors a day.
so much human contact has affected wildebeest. 80,000 to 30,000 in 20 years.
don't have the facilities to cope with waste even though they have westernised style results
so the resorts on the east coast release raw sewage into the water and leave food packaging
on wasteland.…read more

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It is a failure. Ships
now carry more than 400 visitors and there's a worry it may go to a 1000.
people are concerned about what will happen if these bigger ships that can't handle the ice
sink how to clean up an oil spill?
the holiday is being seen as not a visit to a fragile place but one that is a theme park. There
are worries it may progress to on ice hotels or a commercial landing strip.…read more


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